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Please help me with multiple comparisons - (stats)

  1. Feb 11, 2013 #1
    Please help me with multiple comparisons - urgent (stats)

    Hello, I just have a quick question understanding multiple comparisons and I'd appreciate any help because I'm on the verge of failing :uhh: I'm reviewing for a test, and reading over questions and their corresponding answers in the back of the textbook. The question I'm stuck on deals with a psychologist testing the claim made by a drug company that a drug would help patients.

    To do this, they selected 20 patients from their hospital, and randomly assigned them to one of four groups - group 1 receiving the new drug, group 2 receiving a different drug, group 3 receiving a different drug, and group 4 as the control group. Here is the answer given in the textbook:


    I understand the first part, and how SSE is calculated and everything, but the second table with the contrasts totally baffles me. I have no idea how that table was filled in, or how I would be able to fill it in on a test if I had a different example. How were those 1s, -1s, and 2s determined? What do they mean and how were they calculated? In addition, once I go on to the appropriate post hoc test - in this case, Dunn - how do I utilise the table in terms of critical values?

    Please help me, I'm so very lost! :frown:
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 11, 2013 #2

    Stephen Tashi

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    Re: Please help me with multiple comparisons - urgent (stats)

    I'm not an expert on this, but I was curious enough about the table to look up "Dunn Test" and found: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=...sg=AFQjCNENKSsWfC1UN4CdwHObbCR7NAkXpw&cad=rja

    In the slide "What is a contrast anyway", it is explained that a contrast is a linear combination of means. For example, if the hypothesis [itex] \mu_A = \mu_B [/itex] is true then the contrast [itex] 1 \mu_A + (-1) \mu_B = 0 [/itex]. So I suspect the table gives you the coefficients (such as 1 and -1) that are involved in the contrast being tested. I don't know anything else about the subject.
  4. Feb 11, 2013 #3
    Re: Please help me with multiple comparisons - urgent (stats)

    I'm so confused, and I don't understand this at all :cry:
  5. Feb 13, 2013 #4


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    Re: Please help me with multiple comparisons - urgent (stats)

    This is an "analysis of one way classified data".
    In design of experiments you see it as CRD (completely randomized design).
    The analysis is very straight forward.

    Xi = ith observation
    Ti= i th row total, G = sum of Ti. Then SS(T)= Sum(Ti*Ti/Ni)-cf, has df=4-1=3
    where, cf= (G*G/N), Ni= values in i th row, N = sum of Ni.
    SST= Sum(Xi*Xi)-cf, has df= 20-1=19.
    SSE= SST-SS(T), has df=19-3=16.
    F= MS(T)/MSE ~ F (3,16) (=> F distribution with 3,16 df)
    MS(T)=SS(T)/3, MSE=SSE/16. Critical region:F> F(a,3,16). a=0.05 or 0.01 as you choose. Find F(a,3,16)
    from Biometrica tables.
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