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Please Help Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days

  1. Mar 11, 2012 #1
    Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    1. A car travels 95 km to the north at 70.0 km/h, then turns around and travels 21.9 km at 80.0 km/h.
    What is the difference between the average speed and the average velocity on this trip? Answer 27 km/h.

    2. How many nanoseconds does it take for a computer to perform one calculation if it performs
    6.7 × 107 calculations/second? Answer 15 ns.

    3. A baseball is hit with a bat and, as a result, its direction is completely reversed and its speed is
    doubled. If the actual contact with the bat lasts 0.45 s, what is the ratio of the acceleration to the
    original velocity? Answer -6.7 s^-1.

    4.A football kicker is attempting a field goal from 44 m out. The ball is kicked and just clears the
    lower bar with a time of flight of 2.9 s. If the angle of the kick was 45°, what was the initial speed of
    the ball? Answer 21.5 m/s.

    5. Find the orbital speed of an ice cube in the rings of Saturn, if the mass of Saturn is 5.67 × 1026 kg
    and the rings have an average radius of 100,000 km. Answer 19.5 km/s

    6. From what height off the surface of Earth should an object be dropped to initially experience an
    acceleration of 0.5400 g? Answer 2298 km.

    7. A 23 kg mass is connected to a nail on a frictionless table by a (massless) string of length 1.3 m. If
    the tension in the string is 51 N while the mass moves in a uniform circle on the table, how long
    does it take for the mass to make one complete revolution? Answer 4.8 s

    Thanks so much for helping me. The answers came with the 50 question review, but these are the only questions I just can't seem to wrap my brain around.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 11, 2012 #2

    tiny-tim

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Hi Asuncion! :wink:

    Show us what you've tried, and where you're stuck, and then we'll know how to help!

    Start with 1. and 2. :smile:
     
  4. Mar 11, 2012 #3
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    1. average speed = final displacement - initial displacement / time. In this case, car's displacement: 95-21.9=73.1 km. Then I divided 95/70 and 21.9/ 80. time = 1.63 hr. Then 73.1/1.63= 44. Wrong.

    2. Nano = 10^-9. 6.7 * 10^7 is divided by 1, but not sure why? when you divide exponents you subtract the difference between the two. So exponent ends up to be 10^-2. I understand this is a dimensional analysis problem, but I must not be writing it down on paper correctly.

    3. Not even sure how to begin this problem. Is it projectile problem? if so acceleration = -9.8. Initial velocity = 0 or vice verse…

    4. Okay so 44 m / 2.9 s= 15.17 m/s then divide by sin 45. why is speed divided by sin 45. Is it because slope of tangent line.. Meaning 15.17 is cos (y axis) and 45sin is x-axis. tangent inverse = cos/sin…..sounds like I'm stretching a little too much…..

    5. Orbital speed = sqrt g*r. First I had to get little g. Little g = big G times mass / radius^2. So, 6.67^-11*5.67 *10^26/ 1.0 *10 ^6 squared = 37818.9. Now, sort of 37818.9 * 1.0* 10^ 6 = 194470.8. wrong.

    6. acceleration = velocity/ time. g= -9.8. Not sure how to begin.

    7. Given
    Mass = 23 kg
    Length = 1.3 m
    Force = 51 N
    time = ?
    Not sure which formula to use.
     
  5. Mar 11, 2012 #4
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    For number two, if you have [itex]\frac{calculations}{second}[/itex] how would you convert that to [itex]\frac{seconds}{calculation}[/itex]?
     
  6. Mar 11, 2012 #5
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    2.[cal]\frac{}{}[/seconds]
     
  7. Mar 11, 2012 #6
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    Oops I was playing around with the format. Trying to get my fraction format like yours instead of using the *^/ symbols. gets confusing.
     
  8. Mar 11, 2012 #7
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    you wanna put the things like "calculations" and "seconds" inside of the { } brackets
     
  9. Mar 11, 2012 #8
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    2. Here's how I wrote it down on paper: 1 cal , 1 ns / 10^-9 sec, 10 ^7 sec/ 6.7 cal = .15 cal / 10^-2. Everything cancels out expect for nanosecond. Then after subtracting the exponents I get 10^-2. Instead of dividing by .15 cal / 10 ^-2 I flipped the numerator and denominator. 10^-2/ .15 then just moved the decimal point to spaces to the right....... Am I right
     
  10. Mar 11, 2012 #9
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    [itex]\frac{calulations}{seconds}[/itex]
     
  11. Mar 11, 2012 #10
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    Aww HA! Thanks :!!)
     
  12. Mar 11, 2012 #11
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    2. 1 cal [itex]\frac{1 ns}{10^{9-}}[/itex] [itex]\frac^{7}{10}{6.7 cal}[/itex]
     
  13. Mar 11, 2012 #12
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    Okay so maybe I need more practice. :/
     
  14. Mar 11, 2012 #13
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    I'm a little confused about how you got "10 ^7 sec/ 6.7 cal = .15 cal / 10^-2"

    are you saying [itex]\frac{10^{7}sec}{6.7 cal}[/itex] = [itex]\frac{.15 cal}{10^{-2}}[/itex]?

    because that doesn't make much sense



    all you really need to do is take the reciprocal of [itex]\frac{6.7*10^{7} calculations}{second}[/itex] and then convert to nanoseconds if the question requires it
     
  15. Mar 11, 2012 #14
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    2. Here's how I set it up but I still come out with the wrong answer.

    [itex]\frac{1 cal}{10^{-9}}[/itex] [itex]\frac{1 sec}{6.7*10^{7}}[/itex]
     
    Last edited: Mar 11, 2012
  16. Mar 11, 2012 #15
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    2. Sorry, if you haven't figured it out already I'm a Visual Learner. But Thank that you God, a Light bulb just went off in my head. [itex]\frac{1 cal}{10^{-9} sec}[/itex] [itex]\frac{1 sec}{6.7 *10^{7}}[/itex] When you add the exponents you get [itex]\frac{1}{6.7*^10{-2}sec }[/itex]. YAY!!!
     
    Last edited: Mar 11, 2012
  17. Mar 11, 2012 #16
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    the reason why you take the reciprocal is because that is just flipping the fraction upside down. Like the reciprocal of [itex]\frac{3}{4}[/itex] is [itex]\frac{4}{3}[/itex], right? You take the reciprocal of something by dividing 1 by that number. Whenever I take the reciprocal I picture this on the paper:

    Untitled-4.png

    where [itex]\frac{A}{B}[/itex] is the fraction that I am taking the reciprocal of

    If A is calculations and B is seconds, then taking the reciprocal is going to give you seconds over calculations, or seconds per calculation.
     
  18. Mar 11, 2012 #17
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    Oh SHISHKABOB Your the best!!!! I found my mistake I shouldn't have been separating 6.7 * [itex]10^{7}[/itex]. thanks again SHISKABOB I was making it too complicated!!! I'm trying not to I always make the easy stuff complicated, but the complicated stuff comes easy..... why me :rolleyes:
     
  19. Mar 11, 2012 #18
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    I have to admit this one was tricky because normally (well the way I learned in chemistry) the given units come first then the desired conversion factor comes next. In this case the desired conversion factor came first (or as you say take the reciprocal) then the given. Well We knocked #2 out. Want to try anymore? lol
     
  20. Mar 11, 2012 #19
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    In number 1 it appears that you determined the correct average speed, but now how would you determine the average velocity? Since it's asking for the difference between the average speed and the average velocity.

    EDIT: actually it seems you've determined the average velocity

    average velocity is found by dividing the final displacement by the total time taken
    average speed is found by dividing the total distance traveled by the total time taken

    or

    [itex]velocity_{avg}[/itex] = [itex]\frac{final\,displacement}{total\,time\,taken}[/itex]


    [itex]speed_{avg}[/itex] = [itex]\frac{total\,distance\,traveled}{total\,time\,taken}[/itex]
     
    Last edited: Mar 11, 2012
  21. Mar 11, 2012 #20
    Re: Please Help!!!!! Physics I Midterm Exam in 2 days!!!

    1. [itex]speed_{avg}[/itex] = 71 mph and [itex]velocity_{avg}[/itex] = 44 mph. Therefore, 71 mph -44 mph = 27 mph.
     
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