I have question about the two degrees of polarization of light. I know for a fact that light has only two degrees of polarization for a fact, which just means that light is transverse, but i want to understand what does the longitudinal electric field that you get from a columb field mean really. I have been told there are no degrees of freedom associated with it but i am still not clear. I have also heard that electric and magnetic fields are made up of photons but this static electric field doesn't seem to be made up of photons since its longitudinal and photons don't have three degrees of polarization. What does this mean? Also if you have moving particle, you can boost to frame in which it's stationary and from that rest frame it will look as though the particle emits a static electric field with no magnetic field. If someone could really clarify all of these misconceptions that would be much appreciated. Thanks in advance. Edit: I am not sure if this is supposed to go in quantum or classical. I am guessing that its quantum.