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Possible atomic levels?

  1. Jul 18, 2006 #1
    Hello all,

    I wonder if anyone can help me with a problem I don't understand about atomic levels. Given an excited state of He with electronic config (1s,2p), I need to find all possible atomic levels.

    The answer sheet lists 4 levels:

    1) S=0, L=1, J=1
    2) S=1, L=1, J=1+1=2
    3) S=1, L=1, J=1-1=0

    These first three I understand, but the fourth:

    4) S=1, L=1, J=1 (?)

    How come J can be equal to 1? Anyone care to explain or point me in the right direction, please?
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 19, 2006 #2


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    when adding two angular momenta j_1 and j_2 (which can be spin or orbita), the total angular momentum ranges from |j2-j1| to j_1+j_2 in increments of 1. So if you are adding a spin of 1 to an orbital angular momentum L of 1, the total angular momentum goes from |1-1| up to 1+1 in steps of 1, so the possible J are 0,1 and 2 (all values from 0 to 2 in steps of 1).

    If you were adding a spin of 3/2 to an orbital angular momentum of 2, say, the possible J would go from 1/2 to 7/2 in steps of 1, so 1/2, 3/2,5/2 and 7/2.
  4. Jul 20, 2006 #3
    Thanks for the help!
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