# Power, Motion & Slopes

1. Jan 10, 2010

### Mjpcampbell

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A man of mass 70kg rides a bicycle of mass 15kg at a steady speed of 4.0 ms-1 up a road which rises 1.0m for every 20m of its length. What power is the cyclist developing if there is a constant resistance to motion of 20 N? Take g as 10 ms-2 if necessary.

(The answer given in the book is 2.5x102W)

2. Relevant equations

power = work done/time taken
work done = force x distance moved in direction of force = force x velocity
w= mg

3. The attempt at a solution
I really can't get anywhere with this one after about 45 mins. I know I will kick myself. At first I made an attempt to find the angle of the slop using trigonometry and got a value of 2.9 degrees but this got me nowhere. I'm pretty sure I need to multiply the combined mass of 85 kg by the 1m rise in order to find the value of the work done against gravity. 85 x 10 = 850 N. I tried constructing a right-angled triangle with a hypotenuse of 20m and gave the side with a 1m rise a value of 850 N. But again this got me nowhere. I think the problem is calculating the force on the flat when the cyclist is travelling at 4ms-1 but I don't know how to do this in order to add that value onto the vertical component. My humble, frazzled brain could use some assistance.

2. Jan 10, 2010

### jegues

I'm not sure if this is correct but I'll throw it out there, maybe someone else can help justify or disprove this claim.

I think the right angle triangle approach would work. You know he's traveling at a constant speed and you know the height he rises over a given distance.

All the work as he travels across the hypotenuse of this triangle will be a summation of kinetic energy and potential energy. Now solve for the time it takes the rider to travel up the hypotenuse of the triangle and hopefully you'll generate the correct answer.

Again I haven't done any of the calculations so I could be wrong, just thought I'd throw it out there.