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Power series problem

  1. Oct 3, 2006 #1
    Im trying to determine the recurrence relation of the following differential equation : x(x-2)y'' + (1-x)y' + xy =0 about the regular singular point x =2.

    I've tried rewriting the DE as (x-2+2)(x-2)y'' -(x-2+1)y' +(x-2+2)y =0, but it doesn't seem to work. any ideas?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 4, 2006 #2

    HallsofIvy

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    Why doesn't it work? You have (x-2)2y"- 2(x-2)y"- (x-2)y'- y'+ (x-2)y+ 2y= 0
    Let
    [tex]y= \Sigma_{n=0}^\infty a_n (x-2)^{n+c}[/tex]
    (You need the c precisely because this is a "regular singular point")
    [tex]y'= \Sigma_{n=0}^\infty (n+c)a_n(x-2)^{n+c-1}[/tex]
    [tex]y"= \Sigma_{n=0}^\infty (n+c)(n+c-1)a_n(x-2)^{n+c-2)[/tex]
    The equation becomes
    [tex]\Sigma( n+c)(n+c-1)a_n(x-2)^{n+c}+\Sigma 2(n+c)(n+c-1)a_n(x-2)^{n+c-2}- \Sigma (n+c)a_n(x-2)^{n+c}- \Sigma (n+c)a_n(x-2)^{n+c-1}+ \Sigma a_n(x-2)^{n+c}+ \Sigma 2a_n(x-2)^{n+c}= 0[/tex]
    Now we need to determine c. Get the indicial equation by looking at the lowest possible exponent in each sum. Those will be when n= 0. The lowest power of x is, then, (x-2)c-2 and has coefficient c(c-1)a0. We want to make sure that a_0 is not 0 so the indicial equation is c(c-1)= 0. either c= 0 or c= 1.
    Put those in for c and find the recurrance relations.
     
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