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Power, torque, and velocity

  1. May 1, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A textbook of mass 1.99 kg rests on a frictionless, horizontal surface. A cord attached to the book passes over a pulley whose diameter is 0.150 m , to a hanging book with mass 2.97 kg . The system is released from rest, and the books are observed to move a distance 1.20 m over a time interval of 0.790 s .

    A.What is the tension in the part of the cord attached to the textbook?
    B.What is the tension in the part of the cord attached to the book?
    C.What is the moment of inertia of the pulley about its rotation axis?

    2. Relevant equations

    F=ma
    Torque= Iα
    a=Rα
    I=mR2

    3. The attempt at a solution
    book.jpg



    Forces on book 1 (on top/textbook)

    mg and Normal force cancel each other so the only force is to the right, Tension

    t1=m1a

    Forces on book 2 (hanging one)

    -t2 + m2g= -m2a

    Forces on wheel pulley

    The string will create a torque in the clockwise direction

    T = Iα
    a = Rα
    a/R = α

    T = I (a/R)

    I am stumped as what to do, I can find the t1 by using the second equation and solving for a in terms of t2 and plugging it back into the first one but then I would have another unknown variable.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 1, 2016 #2
    Before the books start to move the tension in the cable is the hanging mass X the acceleration of gravity. The tension in the cable is the same at all points in the cable when the books are at rest. Assume that the books accelerate at a constant rate. The distance traveled is equal to 1/2 the acceleration times the square of the elapsed time. Rearrange terms to find the acceleration. Compare that acceleration to the acceleration due to the masses and forces involved. Acceleration equals force divided by mass. Any difference between the two acceleration rates could be assumed to be the effects of the inertia of the pulley. That's as far as you can go without knowing either the mass or the radius of the pulley (or both mass and radius).

    Once things start moving the forces on the cable will be different on each side of the pulley. You can calculate that using the observed acceleration and the mass of the books.

    That should get you started.
     
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