(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Greetings all, sorry this is a long post but I'm really stuck on this...

A fat wire, radius a, carries a constant current I, uniformly distributed over it's cross section. A narrow gap in the wire, of width w<<a, forms a parllel-plate capacitor (see attachment, this question refers to question 3, sorry I couldn't cut and paste the picture).

a)Find the electrical and magnetic fields inside the gap, as functions of the distance s from the axis and the time t. Assume the charge is zero at time t=0.

b)Find the energy density u_{em}in the gap and the Poynting vector,Sin the gap. Note especially the direction ofS

c)Determione the total energy in the gap, as a function of time. Calculate the total power into the gap, by integrating the Poynting vector of the appropriate surface. Check that the power inout is equal to the rate of increase of energy in the gap.

2. Relevant equations

In the following:

s=distance from the axis of the wire

a=radius of the wire

t=time

I=current

and I'm working in cylinrical polars.

For a parallel plate capacitor,

[tex]\underline{E}=\frac{\sigma}{\epsilon_{0}}[/tex]

For an amperian loop (with Maxwells fix),

[tex]\oint\underline{B}\cdot d\underline{l}=\mu_{0}I_{enc}+\mu_{0}\epsilon_{0}\int\frac{\partial\underline{E}}{\partial t} \cdot d\underline{a}[/tex]

Energy density,

[tex]U_{em}=\frac{1}{2}(\epsilon_{0}E^{2}+\frac{1}{\mu_{0}}B^{2})[/tex]

Poynting Vector,

[tex] \frac{1}{\mu_{0}}\underline{E}\times\underline{B}[/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

For part a) I found the electric to be,

[tex]\underline{E}=\frac{It}{\epsilon_{0}}\widehat{z}[/tex]

and the magnetic field to be,

[tex] \underline{B}=\frac{\mu_{0}}{2\pi}\frac{Is}{a^2}\widehat{\phi}[/tex]

For part b) I found the energy density to be,

[tex]\frac{I^{2}}{2}*(t^{2}+\frac{s^{2}}{4\pi^{2}a^{4}})[/tex]

and the Poynting vector to be,

[tex]-\frac{\mu_{0}}{2\pi \epsilon_{0}}\frac{I^{2}t s}{a^{2}}\widehat{s}[/tex]

For part c) I have no idea even where to begin. Please could someone tell me if parts a) and b) are correct and give me a hand for part c)? If you want me show more working just ask (I left it out to keep the post a bit smaller).

Thanks!

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# Homework Help: Poynting Vector

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