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Homework Help: Primitive function

  1. Jun 7, 2005 #1
    I don't know how to find this primitive function:

    \int \frac{dx}{(1+\tan x)(1+\tan^2 x)}

    I tried substitutions [itex]t = \tan x[/itex] or [itex]t = 1 + \tan x[/itex], but it didn't seem to help me lot...

    Could someone please point me to the right direction?

    Thank you.
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 7, 2005 #2


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    1. Set [tex]t=tan(x)\to\frac{dt}{dx}=\frac{1}{\cos^{2}(x)}=tan^{2}x+1\to{dx}=\frac{dt}{t^{2}+1}[/tex]
    Thus, you've got:
    This can be solved by partial fractions decomposition.
  4. Jun 7, 2005 #3
    Thank you arildno, I made a mistake that I didn't simply change tan x = t and dx = dt/t^2 + 1, instead I expressed tan x as sin x / cos x and divided the denominator with cos^2 x and it turned into crazy powers of t. Your method works great, thanks.
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