# Print particular digits of pi

## Main Question or Discussion Point

Hi! I'm using MATLAB and I want to store or print some particular decimal digits of pi, from 9901 to 10000. I'm using the algorithm below (Brent-Salamin algorithm) to print the first 10000 digits but I can't find out a way to save and print only the decimal digits from 9901 to 10000. What function can I use? Any ideas?

Code:
function P = agm_pi(d)
% AGM_PI  Arithmetic-geometric mean for pi.
% Brent-Salamin algorithm.
% agm_pi(d) produces d decimal digits.
% See Cleve's Corner, "Computing Pi",
% http://www.mathworks.com/company/ ...
%    newsletters/news_notes/2011/

% Copyright 2011 MathWorks, Inc.
digits(d)
a = vpa(1,d);
b = 1/sqrt(vpa(2,d));
s = 1/vpa(4,d);
p = 1;
n = ceil(log2(d));
for k = 1:n
c = (a+b)/2;
b = sqrt(a*b);
s = s - p*(c-a)^2;
p = 2*p;
a = c;
end
P = a^2/s;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gauss–Legendre_algorithm

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## Answers and Replies

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MATLABdude
Science Advisor
Well, MATLAB by default represents numbers as double-precision floating points:
http://www.mathworks.com/help/techdoc/matlab_prog/f2-12135.html [Broken]

That means that you only have 53 bits for your fraction (in decimal terms, about 16 significant figures):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_precision

You can see where the problem arises when you try to calculate beyond 16 decimal places using the implementation provided (and no, you can't try to do something sneaky like multiplying the answer by 10^16!)

I had a similar problem as a homework assignment in undergrad once (and I suspect that this is something similar)--the above insight provided the critical hint that I needed to come up with a solution, and may do the same for you.

HINT: how big can you make a vector (1 x n, or n x1 array) in MATLAB?

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