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Prism volume

  1. Feb 24, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    why the formula of volume is given by
    integral of P and dA , the integral of P and dA would yield Force , right ?
    2. Relevant equations


    3. The attempt at a solution
     

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  3. Feb 24, 2016 #2

    SteamKing

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    You're confusing what is called the pressure prism by your text with a geometrical prism, a 3-dimensional body.

    The volume of the pressure prism is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted by a hydrostatic pressure P applied over an area A, or to put it mathematically,

    $$F = \int P\,dA$$
     
  4. Feb 24, 2016 #3
    how can The volume of the pressure prism is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted by a hydrostatic pressure P applied over an area A ???
     
  5. Feb 24, 2016 #4

    SteamKing

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    The magnitude of the force exerted over the area A by a hydrostatic pressure P is numerically equal to the volume of a prism which has a cross sectional area equal to A and a length equal to P units.

    Consider a block which measures 1 m x 1 m x 1 m which is submerged in fresh water which has a density of 1000 kg / m3.


    buoyant.gif
    If the top surface of the block is located 1 m below the surface of the water, the pressure PTOP will be PTOP = ρ g h = 1000 ⋅ 9.8 ⋅ 1 = 9,800 N/m2.

    PTOP is constant over the entire area of the top of the block, which is ATOP = 1 m2. The volume of the pressure prism for the top of the block is Vpressure prism = PTOP × ATOP = 9,800 N/m2 x 1 m2 = 9,800 N. It just so happens that the force of the hydrostatic pressure acting on the top of the block is also 9,800 N.

    A similar calculation can be made for the bottom surface of the block, but in this case h = 2 m and PBOT = 19,600 N/m2.

    The sides of the block form a more complicated pressure prism, which has a trapezoidal cross section.

    At the top of the prism, the hydrostatic pressure is 9,800 N/m2, while the pressure on the bottom is 19,600 N/m2, and the pressure at any depth in between the top and bottom of the block varies linearly. The average pressure on the sides, PAVG = 14,700 N / m2, can be used to calculate the force due to hydrostatic pressure acting on these surfaces.
     
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