# Prism volume

1. Feb 24, 2016

### werson tan

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
why the formula of volume is given by
integral of P and dA , the integral of P and dA would yield Force , right ?
2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

#### Attached Files:

File size:
35.9 KB
Views:
40
• ###### IMG_20160225_084526[1].jpg
File size:
63.7 KB
Views:
37
2. Feb 24, 2016

### SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
You're confusing what is called the pressure prism by your text with a geometrical prism, a 3-dimensional body.

The volume of the pressure prism is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted by a hydrostatic pressure P applied over an area A, or to put it mathematically,

$$F = \int P\,dA$$

3. Feb 24, 2016

### werson tan

how can The volume of the pressure prism is equal to the magnitude of the force exerted by a hydrostatic pressure P applied over an area A ???

4. Feb 24, 2016

### SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
The magnitude of the force exerted over the area A by a hydrostatic pressure P is numerically equal to the volume of a prism which has a cross sectional area equal to A and a length equal to P units.

Consider a block which measures 1 m x 1 m x 1 m which is submerged in fresh water which has a density of 1000 kg / m3.

If the top surface of the block is located 1 m below the surface of the water, the pressure PTOP will be PTOP = ρ g h = 1000 ⋅ 9.8 ⋅ 1 = 9,800 N/m2.

PTOP is constant over the entire area of the top of the block, which is ATOP = 1 m2. The volume of the pressure prism for the top of the block is Vpressure prism = PTOP × ATOP = 9,800 N/m2 x 1 m2 = 9,800 N. It just so happens that the force of the hydrostatic pressure acting on the top of the block is also 9,800 N.

A similar calculation can be made for the bottom surface of the block, but in this case h = 2 m and PBOT = 19,600 N/m2.

The sides of the block form a more complicated pressure prism, which has a trapezoidal cross section.

At the top of the prism, the hydrostatic pressure is 9,800 N/m2, while the pressure on the bottom is 19,600 N/m2, and the pressure at any depth in between the top and bottom of the block varies linearly. The average pressure on the sides, PAVG = 14,700 N / m2, can be used to calculate the force due to hydrostatic pressure acting on these surfaces.

Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted