# Probability current density

1. Nov 14, 2006

### stunner5000pt

Consider the infinite square well potentail over the range 0<x<a with energy eigenfunctions $Psi _{n} (x,t)$

Show that if the quantum state of a particle is descirbed by a single eigenfuncation i.e. the particle has a sharply defined eneryg, then the probability current density inside the well vanishes

ok Delta E = 0

$$\Psi (x,t) = \psi(x) \exp(\frac{-iEt}{m}$$

$$j= \frac{\hbar}{2im} \left( \Psi^* \frac{\partial \Psi}{\partial x} - \frac{\partial \Psi^*}{\partial x} \Psi \right)$$

ok lets say that $$P(x,t) = | \Psi(x,t)|^2 = \psi^*(x) \psi(x)$$

we also know that \frac{\partial}{\partial t} (\psi^* \psi)= -\frac{\hbar}{2im} \left( \Psi^* \frac{\partial \Psi}{\partial x} - \frac{\partial \Psi^*}{\partial x} \Psi \right) [/tex]

and hence $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} P(x,t) = \frac{\partial}{\partial t}( \psi^*(x) \psi(x) )= 0 = -\frac{\partial}{\partial t} j(x,t) = 0$$

so the position derivative of probability current wrt position is zero

but does that show that it vanishes??