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Probability Question

  1. Jun 9, 2009 #1
    Ten discs numbered 0 to 9 are placed in a box. Two discs are randomly removed without replacement. Determine the probability that one disc will have the digit 5 written on it, and the other disc will have 6 written on it.

    I tried cominatorics to do this question but im not getting the correct answer, and i also tried
    P(A/B)= P( A&B)/ P(B)
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 10, 2009 #2

    rock.freak667

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    So you want to get 5 and 6

    P(5&6)= P(5)*P(6)
     
  4. Jun 10, 2009 #3
    ummm that gives me 1/90 which is not the correct answer :|
     
  5. Jun 10, 2009 #4

    Dick

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    You want to pull two special disks from a collection of 10 disks. How many ways are there to pull two disks?
     
  6. Jun 10, 2009 #5
    there are 10C2 ways which equal =45
     
  7. Jun 10, 2009 #6

    Dick

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    Right. Only one of those 45 ways will give you 5 and 6.
     
  8. Jun 10, 2009 #7

    diazona

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    If you're going to do it that way, you need to consider the probability of getting 6 followed by 5, as well as the probability of getting 5 followed by 6. So it's really
    P(5,6) = P(5)*P(6) + P(6)*P(5) = 1/90 + 1/90 = 1/45
    same answer you get from combinatorics ;-)
     
  9. Jun 10, 2009 #8

    HallsofIvy

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    Or: there is a 2/10= 1/5 probability of getting either 5 or 6 on the first disc. Having done that, there are now 9 disks left, one of which has the other (6 or 5) so there is a 1/9 probability of drawing that one. Together, there is a (1/5)(1/9)= 1/45 probability of drawing 5 and 6 in either order.
     
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