1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Projectile motion hit baseball

  1. Apr 17, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A baseball is hit at a point 1.00m above homeplate. The baseball is given an initial velocity of 35.0m/s at an angle of 45.0° with respect to the horizontal. If the baseball is travelling towards the outfield fence which is 4.0m high and 120m away, will the baseball clear (go over) the fence? If so, by how many maters will it clear the fence? If not, where will the baseball strike?

    2. Relevant equations

    dv=1/2*at2
    dh=Vh*Δt
    Kinetic equation d=Vi*t+ 1/2*at2
    dh=-V2*sin2θ /g
    sinθ=opp/hyp
    cosθ=adj/hyp
    Δt=-2Vsinθ / g

    3. The attempt at a solution

    dh= cos(45)*35=24.7m
    Δt=24.7m/35m/s=0.71s

    d=(35)(0.71)+1/2(9.8)(0.71)2=27.3m

    No, the baseball will not clear the fence.

    I am really lost on this problem just because we are given so many measurements to work with and I dont know the appropriate time to use them and which equation is the right one. If someone could please check my work and correct me and also verify my significant figures that would be greatly appreciated!Thanks so much in advance.
     
    Last edited: Apr 17, 2012
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 17, 2012 #2
    Ok, firstly I don't get the answer you get and secondly, you're right there are a lot of equations you've got written down there but you need to home in on this one, which is the one that will solve it:

    d=Vit + 1/2(at^2) [which I'm going to rewrite replacing Vi with u (personal preference ;) )]

    So d=ut+0.5at^2

    You can apply this equation vertically and horizontally and by doing each in turn (but I'm leaving you to get the order) you should be able to get the answer.
     
  4. Apr 17, 2012 #3
    did i use the right equation to find t in the beginning?
     
  5. Apr 22, 2012 #4
    I re-did the problem and used a different approach after consulting my textbook and got that the ball would clear the fence by 1.4m. Does this seem right?

    The known things in this problem are:
    |Vi|=35.0m/s
    θ=45°
    Δx=120m
    h=4m
    a=-9.8m/s2

    Unknown:
    Δt, Viy, Vix, Δy

    I started by finding the horizontal component: Vix=|Vi|*cos(45)=24.7m/s

    vertical component: Viy=|Vi|*sin(45)=24.7m/s

    find t interval: Δt=Δx/Vix=120m/24.7m/s= 4.86 seconds

    find h of ball at time it reaches fence:
    Δy=Viy*Δt+1/2a*Δt2= 4.387m

    yfence=h-yground to x-axis=4m-1m=3.0m

    ∴cleared fence by 4.387m-3m= 1.4m
     
  6. Apr 22, 2012 #5
    That's not what I got as the final answer, but some of the intermediate working is definitely correct.
    EDIT: As I worked through your post, I discovered the only mistake was rounding errors. Read on to find out more!

    Vix = 24.7m/s - Correct
    Viy = 24.7m/s - Correct
    time to travel 120m in x-direction = 4.86s - I get 4.85 but you've only made a rounding error (by using 24.7 rather than 35Cos(45)) so in essence correct although you will start to lose accuracy rapidly
    Equation to find change in y - Correct

    But now the rounding errors that have been propagating through your work have made a substantial difference to the answer. If you hold non-rounded numbers right the way through to this point the value for change in y should be exactly 4.8m

    As for the final part of your reasoning, the technique is absolutely correct. You have remembered to correct for the ball starting 1m above the plate (which many people forget to do) and have calculated the height of the top of the fence in your y-axis (and have done so correctly). Once again, what's let you down is the rounding errors carried over from the ball's height.

    To get to the final answer that I have, you need to follow the logic you used again either:

    1) Not calculating any values (sin, cos, exponents) and plugging equations into each other and then calculating an answer at the very end

    OR

    2) My preferred technique - Make use of the memory functions on your calculator. Scientific calculators will usually have at least 7 different variables you can use to store intermediate answers - Mine has A B C D X Y Z. When you calculate the x-velocity of flight, store it in A. When you then find the time, use A in your calculation and store time of flight in B. Etc etc. to the final answer

    OR

    3) Write down the intermediate calculations with more significant figures than your final answer will need. Write down 6, 7 or maybe all 10 of the digits your calculator gives you and then use this in your next calculation.

    Cheers.
     
  7. Apr 23, 2012 #6
    Thank you so much for your help and time! so the final answer should be that the ball cleared the fence by 1.8m?
     
  8. Apr 23, 2012 #7
    Yes! No problem
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Projectile motion hit baseball
Loading...