# Projectile Motion

Hello. I've been fustrated all day because I couldn't figure this problem out. I know, it may be simple, but trust me, I almost ripped my hair out trying to solve this problem. I would have been able to figure this problem out last year in basic physics, but I have forgotten 75% of physics I learned last year. Any help at all would be great.

Problem: A garden hose lying on the ground shoots out water at 6.5 m/s. The water travels 2 m. Find the angle at which the hose must be for the water to reach 2 m.

http://img381.imageshack.us/img381/117/prob5va.png [Broken]

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try using the equation for range of a projectile

R = (v^2 * sin (2 * @)) / g

well the answer is pretty simple .. its 13.8@

That's no way to help him!

You just need to remember that the key to these sorts of problems is Time.

Decompose the velocity:
v(hor)=v*cos@
v(vert)=v*sin@

The horizontal velocity will never change, as there is no horizontal acceleration (assuming friction is barred). So the time the object should stay in the air is:

d=v*cos@*t,
t=d/(v*cos@)

Now how long does the object stay in the air? It has a 'parabolic' path, so it's final vertical velocity is the negative of its initial. There is a constant acceleration, gravity, so the time it spends in the air is:

a*t = v(final) - v(initial) [now, as said, the v(final) is just negative v(initial)]
g*t = - 2 v(initial) [where g = -9.81 m/s^2]
[It is important to remember that the 'v(initial) here is the vertical velocity, which was v*sin@]
g*t = -2*v*sin@
t = -2*v*sin@/g

Now we have 2 expressions for t, put them together:
d/(v*cos@) = -2*v*sin@/g
d = -v^2*(2*sin@*cos@)/g [double-angle identity: 2sin@cos@=sin2@]
d = -v^2*sin2@/g, again where g=-9.81

That's where mathmike's formula came from. Now just plug in.

Well, thats no way to help him either...

When the water comes out of the hose at 6.5m/s, there is a horizontal component to its velocity and a vertical component to its velocity.

The horizontal velocity is given by: $$v_h=6.5cos\theta$$,

while the vertical velocity is given by: $$v_v=6.5son\theta$$

Remember, the duration of the projectile in motion is determined by the vertical velocity. The horizontal velocity is always constant assuming no viscous forces act on the projectile.

the time of flight is given by:
$$a=\frac{v-u}{T}$$
$$T = 2(\frac{0-6.5cos\theta}{-9.81})$$

By equating the time of flight with the distance travelled by the projectile which can be found by dividing the distance moved by the projectile over its horizontal velocity, you can solve for $$\theta$$