# Proof for the Hermitian operator

1. Aug 21, 2016

### abcs22

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known dataprove the following statement:
Hello, can someone help me prove this statement

A is hermitian and {|Ψi>} is a full set of functions

2. Relevant equations
Σ<r|A|s> <s|B|c>

3. The attempt at a solution
Since the right term of the equation reminds of the standard deviation, I tried using its definition but it didn't yield any results. Also, I tried to use the hermicity of the operator A to get the complete set but after that I got stuck.

2. Aug 21, 2016

### Lucas SV

This is prety simple if you assume $\psi_i$ form a basis for the Hilbert space of states. Just use the complex relation $|z|^2=z z^*$ for the left hand side, and use the completeness relation for $\psi_i$. Is this what you meant by a full set of functions?

3. Aug 21, 2016

### abcs22

Yes, I did, I apologize, English is not my mother language. I tried but I can't get those two terms on the right side

4. Aug 21, 2016

### Lucas SV

No problem. The two terms come as a property of the summation. The completeness relation assumes you sum over all $i$. The first term comes from the completeness relation. The second term comes from the fact that you are missing the $i=j$ in the summation on the left hand side. The key equation you need to use is
$$\langle \psi_j | A^2 | \psi_j \rangle=\sum_i \langle \psi_j | A | \psi_i \rangle \langle \psi_i | A | \psi_j \rangle$$

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