Homework Help: Proof for this

1. Sep 6, 2005

Reshma

Show that $$x \frac{d(\delta (x))}{dx} = -\delta (x)$$
where $\delta (x)$ is a Dirac delta function.

My work:

Let f(x) be a arbitrary function. Using integration by parts:
$$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}f(x)\left (x \frac{d(\delta (x))}{dx}\right)dx = xf(x)\delta (x)\vert _{-\infty}^{+\infty} - \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}d\left (\frac{xf(x) \delta (x)}{dx}\right)dx$$

The first term is zero, since $\delta (x) = 0$
at $-\infty, +\infty$.
How is the second term evaluated?

2. Sep 6, 2005

arildno

Well, if we are to do this symbol manipulation properly, you should have:
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}xf(x)\delta{'}dx=xf(x)\delta\mid_{-\infty}^{\infty}-\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}(f(x)+xf'(x))\delta(x)dx=-(f(0)+0*f'(0))=-f(0)$$

3. Sep 7, 2005

Reshma

Wow, thanks Arildno! I got it!