Proof of a Trig Identity

1. Oct 21, 2006

bob1182006

This isn't a homework question, it's just for personal enrichment.

I've been trying to prove that $\tan\frac{\theta}{2}=\frac{\sin\theta}{1+\cos\theta}$

I tried starting off with $$\tan\frac{\theta}{2}=\frac{\sin\frac{\theta}{2}}{\cos\frac{\theta}{2}}$$

is this even the right way to start the proof? if so could someone point me the right way please? I'd really appreciate it.

Last edited: Oct 21, 2006
2. Oct 21, 2006

note that $$\tan\frac{\theta}{2}=\frac{\sin\theta}{1+\cos\theta}$$ is equivalent to:

$$\tan\frac{\theta}{2}=\frac{1-\cos \theta}{\sin \theta}$$

We know that $$\frac{1-\cos 2\theta}{\sin 2\theta} = \tan \theta$$

Can you go from there?

Last edited: Oct 21, 2006
3. Oct 21, 2006

bob1182006

ah I see it now hehe thank you verry much.

4. Oct 22, 2006

murshid_islam

$$\frac{\sin\theta}{1+\cos\theta} = \frac{2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\cos\frac{\theta}{2}}{2\cos^2\frac{\theta}{2}} = \frac{\sin\frac{\theta}{2}}{\cos\frac{\theta}{2}} = \tan\frac{\theta}{2}$$