# Proof sin x < x for all x>0.

Tags:
1. Oct 11, 2015

### nos

Hello all,

I want to prove the following inequality.
sin(x)<x for all x>0.

Now I figured that I put a function f(x)=x-sin(x), and show that it is increasing for all x>0. But this alone doesn't prove it. I need to show we have inequality from the start. I can't show that lim f(x) as x->0 is positive cause this limit equals 0. I can show that we have equality at x=0, and only at x=0. Therefore, sin(x) <=x for all x>=0, and we only have equality at x=0. So sin(x)<x for all x>0. This doesn't seem the right way to do it though.

Thanks.

2. Oct 11, 2015

### pasmith

No, you are correct: $x - \sin x$ is zero at x = 0 and is thereafter strictly increasing, so $x - \sin x$ can't be zero or negative for $x > 0$.

3. Oct 11, 2015

### Ssnow

You can visualize it comparing the graphs of $y(x)=x$ and $y(x)=\sin{(x)}$

4. Oct 11, 2015

### zinq

Hint: sin(0) = 0, and 0 < d(sin(x))/dx < 1 for 0 < x <= π/2 (why?).