Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Protein Suppliments

  1. Aug 20, 2009 #1
    I've recently started working out a lot more doing more isometric type exercises instead of working out at the gym and now my lims feel like they are about to fall off. Is there something that can help reduce the soarness so I can at least get out of bed in the morning besides whey protein? I heard a lot of vitamin C can help but I don't know of any good sources (besides fruits and pine needles) that don't contain fraction vitamins.
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 20, 2009 #2


    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Soreness means you're overdoing it, especially if you're so sore you can't get out of bed in the morning. Forget supplements and back off on your exercise routine and increase weight, reps, intensity, time, etc., more gradually.
  4. Aug 20, 2009 #3
    your muscles are building up, they are suppose to hurt
  5. Aug 20, 2009 #4


    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    For me, when I start from being out of shape, soreness after a workout lasts only a couple of days and then goes away altogether after the first few weeks of working out.
  6. Aug 20, 2009 #5
    yes, the soreness should be temporary. do not take antioxidants near your workout times, it will only hinder your progress. your muscles will increase their own antioxidant capacity, anyway. try hitting the same muscle a couple days later, perhaps with a lower load and higher reps to see if it doesn't help the soreness.

    protein is good, but not likely to help the soreness. for that, you need adaptation.

    and why isometrics? ugh.
  7. Aug 20, 2009 #6
    Stretching regularly could help.
  8. Aug 21, 2009 #7
    Stretching doesn't help reduce muscle soreness.

    There isn't really much you can do. Muscle soreness that lasts for awhile shows that your muscles are repairing for the better. This is what you WANT (I assume) out of your work-out. Of course everyone who works out will have their own methods or foods the swear by to reduce this soreness, I'm just going off personal experience and what I learnt in my kinesiology class.

    You shouldn't of course be over-exerting a particular muscle group as you can injure yourself so make sure your changing it up.
    Last edited: Aug 22, 2009
  9. Aug 21, 2009 #8


    User Avatar

    Eat lean meat after you workout.
  10. Aug 22, 2009 #9
    Yes, exactly. There are only two things that reduce sourness that I know of. The first is protein, since it allows your muscles to heal faster. The second is excessive amounts of vitamin C. I've read about this and tried it and while it does work I've also read it can put a lot of stress on your kidneys.

    I ordered some whey protein which I probably should have started taking a long time ago. Like mentioned above, consuming lean protein after you work out helps reduce soreness (by allowing muscles to repair) and also helps build size.
  11. Aug 22, 2009 #10
    there is not a whole lot of good news for vitamin C supplementation here. it may reduce soreness, but at a cost. just suck it up. maybe drink some http://www.bodyrecomposition.com/muscle-gain/an-objective-comparison-of-chocolate-milk-and-surge-recovery.html" [Broken].

    Antioxidants Do Not Prevent Postexercise Peroxidation and May Delay Muscle Recovery.
    Teixeira VH, Valente HF, Casal SI, Marques AF, Moreira PA.
    Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Aug 5. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19657294

    PURPOSE:: This study aimed to determine the effects of 4 wk of antioxidants (AOX) supplementation on exercise-induced lipid peroxidation, muscle damage, and inflammation in kayakers. METHODS:: Subjects (n = 20) were randomly assigned to receive a placebo (PLA) or an AOX capsule (AOX; 272 mg of alpha-tocopherol, 400 mg of vitamin C, 30 mg of beta-carotene, 2 mg of lutein, 400 mug of selenium, 30 mg of zinc, and 600 mg of magnesium). Blood samples were collected at rest and 15 min after a 1000-m kayak race, both before and after the supplementation period, for analysis of alpha-tocopherol, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein plus zeaxanthin, vitamin C, uric acid, total AOX status (TAS), thiobarbituric reactive acid substances (TBARS) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, and creatine kinase (CK), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (Gr), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities. RESULTS:: With supplementation, plasma alpha-tocopherol (P = 0.003) and beta-carotene (P = 0.007) augmented significantly in the AOX group. IL-6 (exercise, P = 0.039), TBARS (exercise, P < 0.001), and uric acid (exercise, P = 0.032) increased significantly in response to the exercise regardless of treatment group. Cortisol level raised more from pre- to postsupplementation period in the PLA group (time x supplementation, P = 0.002). Although TAS declined after exercise before intervention, it increased above preexercise values after the 4-wk period in the AOX group (supplementation x time x exercise, P = 0.034). CK increased after exercise in both groups (exercise effect, P < 0.001) and decreased from week 0 to week 4 more markedly in the PLA group (supplementation x time, P = 0.049). CONCLUSIONS:: AOX supplementation does not offer protection against exercise-induced lipid peroxidation and inflammation and may hinder the recovery of muscle damage.

    Antioxidants prevent health-promoting effects of physical exercise in humans.
    Ristow M, Zarse K, Oberbach A, Klöting N, Birringer M, Kiehntopf M, Stumvoll M, Kahn CR, Blüher M.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 May 11. [Epub ahead of print]
    PMID: 19433800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

    Exercise promotes longevity and ameliorates type 2 diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance. However, exercise also increases mitochondrial formation of presumably harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS). Antioxidants are widely used as supplements but whether they affect the health-promoting effects of exercise is unknown. We evaluated the effects of a combination of vitamin C (1000 mg/day) and vitamin E (400 IU/day) on insulin sensitivity as measured by glucose infusion rates (GIR) during a hyperinsulinemic, euglycemic clamp in previously untrained (n = 19) and pretrained (n = 20) healthy young men. Before and after a 4 week intervention of physical exercise, GIR was determined, and muscle biopsies for gene expression analyses as well as plasma samples were obtained to compare changes over baseline and potential influences of vitamins on exercise effects. Exercise increased parameters of insulin sensitivity (GIR and plasma adiponectin) only in the absence of antioxidants in both previously untrained (P < 0.001) and pretrained (P < 0.001) individuals. This was paralleled by increased expression of ROS-sensitive transcriptional regulators of insulin sensitivity and ROS defense capacity, peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), and PPARgamma coactivators PGC1alpha and PGC1beta only in the absence of antioxidants (P < 0.001 for all). Molecular mediators of endogenous ROS defense (superoxide dismutases 1 and 2; glutathione peroxidase) were also induced by exercise, and this effect too was blocked by antioxidant supplementation. Consistent with the concept of mitohormesis, exercise-induced oxidative stress ameliorates insulin resistance and causes an adaptive response promoting endogenous antioxidant defense capacity. Supplementation with antioxidants may preclude these health-promoting effects of exercise in humans.

    American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 87, No. 1, 142-149, January 2008

    Oral administration of vitamin C decreases muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and hampers training-induced adaptations in endurance performance1,2,3

    Mari-Carmen Gomez-Cabrera, Elena Domenech, Marco Romagnoli, Alessandro Arduini, Consuelo Borras, Federico V Pallardo, Juan Sastre and Jose Viña
    1 From the Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain (M-CG-C, ED, AA, FVP, JS, and JV); the Catholic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain (CB); and the Polytechnic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain (MR)

    Background: Exercise practitioners often take vitamin C supplements because intense muscular contractile activity can result in oxidative stress, as indicated by altered muscle and blood glutathione concentrations and increases in protein, DNA, and lipid peroxidation. There is, however, considerable debate regarding the beneficial health effects of vitamin C supplementation.

    Objective: This study was designed to study the effect of vitamin C on training efficiency in rats and in humans.

    Design: The human study was double-blind and randomized. Fourteen men (27–36 y old) were trained for 8 wk. Five of the men were supplemented daily with an oral dose of 1 g vitamin C. In the animal study, 24 male Wistar rats were exercised under 2 different protocols for 3 and 6 wk. Twelve of the rats were treated with a daily dose of vitamin C (0.24 mg/cm2 body surface area).

    Results: The administration of vitamin C significantly (P = 0.014) hampered endurance capacity. The adverse effects of vitamin C may result from its capacity to reduce the exercise-induced expression of key transcription factors involved in mitochondrial biogenesis. These factors are peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor co-activator 1, nuclear respiratory factor 1, and mitochondrial transcription factor A. Vitamin C also prevented the exercise-induced expression of cytochrome C (a marker of mitochondrial content) and of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase.

    Conclusion: Vitamin C supplementation decreases training efficiency because it prevents some cellular adaptations to exercise.

    J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2006 Sep;46(3):462-7. Links
    The effects of vitamin C supplementation on symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness.

    * Connolly DA,
    * Lauzon C,
    * Agnew J,
    * Dunn M,
    * Reed B.

    Human Performance Laboratory, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.

    AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 8 days of vitamin C (VC) supplementation on elbow flexor delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) to 8 days of placebo ingestion. METHODS: For 3 days prior to an exercise bout (2x20 eccentric elbow extensions), and for 5 days after, a treatment group ingested 3x1 000 mg/day of VC versus 3x50 mg/day of glucose ingestion for the placebo group over the same time period. All subjects were prescreened via dietary recall to exclude any subjects with habitual VC consumption greater than 400 mg/day. Subject comprised 24 subjects (male and female) randomly divided into 2 groups of 12 subjects. Treatment group comprised 5 females and placebo group comprised 8 females. RESULTS: Data from a repeated measures ANOVA indicate that DOMS was successfully induced in both groups via significant time effects for strength loss (P=0.0001), point tenderness (P=0.0001), elbow flexor decreased range of motion (P=0.013), and subjective pain (P=0.0001). However, there were no significant between group differences in response to any of the aforementioned variables: strength loss (P=0.202), point tenderness (P=0.824), elbow flexor range of motion (P=0.208), subjective pain (P=0.342). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that a VC supplementation protocol of 3x1 000 mg/day for 8 days is ineffective in protecting against selected markers of DOMS.

    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2006 Jun;16(3):270-80. Links
    Effect of high dose vitamin C supplementation on muscle soreness, damage, function, and oxidative stress to eccentric exercise.

    * Bryer SC,
    * Goldfarb AH.

    Exercise and Sport Science Dept, University of North Carolina Greensboro, 27402-6170, USA.

    This study investigated if vitamin C supplementation before and after eccentric exercise could reduce muscle soreness (MS), oxidative stress, and muscle function. Eighteen healthy men randomly assigned to either a placebo (P) or vitamin C (VC) (3 g/d) treatment group took pills for 2 wk prior and 4 d after performing 70 eccentric elbow extensions with their non-dominant arm. MS increased in both groups with significantly reduced MS for the first 24 h with VC. Range of motion was reduced equally in both groups after the exercise (P > or = 0.05). Muscle force declined equally and was unaffected by treatment. VC attenuated the creatine kinase (CK) increase at 48 h after exercise with similar CK after this time. Glutathione ratio (oxidized glutathione/total glutathione) was significantly increased at 4 and 24 h with P but VC prevented this change. These data suggest that vitamin C pretreatment can reduce MS, delay CK increase, and prevent blood glutathione oxidation with little influence on muscle function loss.
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  12. Aug 23, 2009 #11
    I think you should be able to get enough protein from your diet without the need of supplements unless your a body builder type...
  13. Aug 23, 2009 #12
    When lifting weights (and especially when trying to put on mass), the 'goal' is 1.5g of protein per pound of body weight. That can be pretty hard to hit when eating a standard diet.
  14. Aug 23, 2009 #13


    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Where did you get that rule of thumb? It is waaaaay above what is really required unless you're talking about a full-fledged professional bodybuilder or a football player bulking upu for the season! Here's a site with a calculator: http://www.indoorclimbing.com/Protein_Requirement.html

    I'm about 5'7 and it gives a protein intake of 30-55g. By your rule of thumb, I'd need 225g! That's at lest 4x more than normal! How many calories would that be? 5000?

    Also from the site:
    2g per kg would be 136g for me.
  15. Aug 23, 2009 #14


    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Another link: http://weighttraining.about.com/od/nutritionforweights/qt/protein_howmuch.htm
  16. Aug 23, 2009 #15
    Hmm I could have sworn I just posted something along the same lines lol.

    But yeah russ is right. You SHOULD be able to eat enough protein in a day without supplements through your regular diet.

    That 1.5g per lbs I'm pretty sure should be kg in which case it's not 'too' bad but still more than necessary.
  17. Aug 23, 2009 #16
    why do you guys act like gaining muscle mass is an undesirable goal. maybe it is for a climber, but most people do not climb.

    increasing protein intake is also appropriate when dieting, to preserve muscle mass.
  18. Aug 23, 2009 #17
    Protein is not only used to build or repair muscle. Research this stuff I've taken many courses about it.
  19. Aug 23, 2009 #18
    no kidding? who said it wasn't?
  20. Aug 23, 2009 #19
    So then by taking excess protein it won't all go to adding muscle mass. I'm assuming your last post was response to what russ had said.

    Most will be waste and it can actually be quite dangerous.
  21. Aug 23, 2009 #20
    dangerous to someone with kidney disease? yes, there are some things sick people cannot do.

    anyhoo, my main reason for posting back in this thread was to address the issue of vitamin C and exercise adaptation. the side issue of a bias against protein and gaining muscle mass is mostly just irksome in a cultural bias sort of way. to be honest, the fact that the OP is doing isometrics to begin with indicates that there's not much interest in gaining mass. he may even be a climber.

    as for the dieting thing, look up protein-sparing modified fasts and refer to previous posts in this forum on protein leverage effect.
  22. Aug 23, 2009 #21

    Chi Meson

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Sorry, can't help you. I've never been sore since I've never been out of shape.

    Why not Tylenol? Or generic acetaminophen (paracetamol to you Brits). Sure, it's not as fancy as supplements, but it's as benign as medication can get, and takes the sharp edge off muscle soreness during the night (the dull soreness, I've found, actually feels kinda good and reminds you of your accomplishments).
  23. Aug 23, 2009 #22
    225g of protein is 900 calories...

    As many people have already said, that initial soreness when starting to workout goes away.
  24. Aug 23, 2009 #23


    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 24, 2017
  25. Aug 23, 2009 #24
    What ELSE is in the supplement. 1g of protein is 4 calories. So 225 is 900 calories.

    EDIT: Nvm never saw you posted the link just read what you wrote lol.

    So theres fat in there which is 9 calories per gram and there are ALOT of carbohydrates which is 4 calories per 1 gram... same as protein.
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 24, 2017
  26. Aug 23, 2009 #25


    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    My point is that is it even possible to get just protein? I'm not a big weightlifter, but I've never seen a suppliment that was protein only. Can you show me an example of a product that can deliver 225g in 900 cal?
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook