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Proving an identity related to Sterling Numbers of the 2nd Kind

  • Thread starter BraedenP
  • Start date
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

I am to prove, by induction, that [tex]S(n,2)=\sum_{m=1}^{n-1}\cdot S(m,1) + \sum_{m=2}^{n-1}\cdot S(m,2)[/tex]

where the S function is the Sterling function (S(n,k) is the number of k-partitions of an n-set)

2. Relevant equations

[tex]S(n,1) = 1[/tex]
[tex]S(n,2) = 2^{n-1}-1[/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

Creating a base case is easy, and using the first given equation, the first sum in the problem evaluates to simply n-1. So then I'll need to get the second sum into a form that can help me prove this equality by induction.

Since I'm using induction, at some point I'll need to get the right side into a form that I can equate with the second given equation.

How can I start simplifying this to lead me to an answer?

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