Homework Help: Pulleys and gravity

1. Sep 26, 2007

ace214

In Figure P4.30, m1 = 9.5 kg and m2 = 3.5 kg. The coefficient of static friction between m1 and the horizontal surface is 0.60 while the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.30.

(Why can't I post this image in the message?)
In case you don't feel like looking at the picture, there are two masses connected by a frictionless pulley- m1 is on the table, m2 is hanging off the table.

(a) If the system is released from rest, what will its acceleration be?
(b) If the system is set in motion with m2 moving downward, what will be the acceleration of the system?

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I assume that the basic equation is the same for both parts just with different coefficients of friction. (Is this correct?) So I start with

m1a1 = T - forceFriction
m2a1 = T - m2g

Then I plug in -a1 for a2 in the second problem giving me -m2a1 = T - m2g => m2a1 = -T +m2g

Then add these two equations together, canceling out the tension.

m1a1 + m2a1 = m2g - Ff => a1(m1 + m2) = m2g - Ff

Then I solve for a using +9.8 for g in all cases. I eventually get -1.66 but this is not the answer. WebAssign says it differs by order of magnitude.....

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I think something may be wrong with my signs in one way or another but I have tried multiple ways. Thanks for any help.

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2. Sep 26, 2007

TVP45

Are you combining the two questions? You should treat them separately. The equations will be the same except that the frictional force will be different.

3. Sep 26, 2007

ace214

Yes, that's what I said. No, I have just tried one (using the static friction) to see if I've got it right, because feedback is given immediately. I didn't wanna use up all my chances in both.

Any help as to the answer?

4. Sep 26, 2007

Staff: Mentor

static case

Realize that static friction can have any value up to the maximum of $\mu N$; you can't just say that it equals that maximum value. The first thing you have to answer is: Can the hanging mass exert enough force to overcome the static friction?

5. Sep 26, 2007

stewartcs

Have you considered for case (a) that the block would not accelerate (i.e. zero acceleration)?

Hint: Does m2 generate enough force to overcome the static friction force of m1?

6. Sep 27, 2007

ace214

Ahhh.. Ok. But shouldn't the equations have worked anyway and just gotten 0?
Also, I got it to work for kinetic friction.

7. Sep 27, 2007

Staff: Mentor

No, because your equation had friction = $\mu N$, which isn't true for static friction. (Static friction is less than or equal to that maximum value, as needed.)

Sure, since kinetic friction does equal $\mu N$.

8. Sep 27, 2007

ace214

So is there a way to plug it in to such an equation or will it always be "is this force greater than friction?"

9. Sep 27, 2007

Staff: Mentor

The fact that you got a negative acceleration should have been a tip-off. You should know that the only way this thing could accelerate is in the + direction (to the right and down).

But there's no substitute for reasoning it out.

10. Sep 27, 2007

ace214

Ok, thanks a lot.