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Pushing a Wheel over a Bump

  1. Jul 15, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    You have a wheel of mass m and radius R you're trying to push it onto a block of height h that it's next to. Find the minimum force F that will let you do this. F is completely horizontal and acts upon the center of the wheel.

    2. Relevant equations

    I'm trying to solve this by pretending the wheel is a lever attached to the edge of the block. It has two forces acting on it F and gravity. To find the minimum force I assume F*sin(theta)*R=G*Sin(theta)*R

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I believe that the line from the part where the wheel touches the block to the center of the wheel makes a degree of arcsin(1-h/r) Then I try to calculate the degree each force makes with the perpendicular of the imaginary lever to get g*m*cos(Pi/2-arcsin(1-h/r))==F*cos(arcsin(1-h/r)). Then I solve for F and get a wrong answer.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 15, 2012 #2

    ehild

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  4. Jul 15, 2012 #3
    Are you sure? It's a given that F is pushing on the center and I'm assuming that gravity is working on the center of mass, which should be the same as the center.
     
  5. Jul 15, 2012 #4
    Use the point of contact between wheel and the block as fulcrum.
    Use moments to solve the problem.
     
  6. Jul 15, 2012 #5
    That's what I did, but apparently I messed up the trig on my way to the answer.
     
  7. Jul 15, 2012 #6

    ehild

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    Gravity is vertical, the force is horizontal. You use the touching point between ball and block as pivot point. The arms are not equal.

    ehild
     
  8. Jul 15, 2012 #7
    Use phytagoras theorem to find arms length.
    For using trig function,
    Weight, it should be mgCosθ.R
     
  9. Jul 15, 2012 #8
    Thanks, it turns out I had switched the angle of gravity with the angle of the force.
     
  10. Jul 15, 2012 #9
    As a second question, what would the arm length be if the force was acting at the top of the wheel instead of at the middle.
     
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