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Quantum cascade lasers

  1. Jul 16, 2015 #1
    Why for quantum cascade lasers used only intersubband transitions in the conduction band. Although in a heterostructure there are also quantized levels in the valence band, which I think also can be used for lasing?

    Thank you.

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  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 19, 2015 #2

    Cthugha

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    Of course you can use interband transitions for lasers. There are several dozens of designs for doing that. The main point of quantum cascade lasers is a different one: You want to have a laser in the mid-infrared or far-infrared. Interband transitions are much higher in energy and so one cannot use the interband emission to get a laser in the mid-infrared. Intersubband transitions are in the mid-ir, but it is not quite easy to get these transitions to lase. So the cascade laser concept is a very specialized design to create a laser in some selected wavelength range.
     
  4. Jul 19, 2015 #3
    Thank you Cthugha. However this does not answer why intersubband transitions in the VALENCE BAND are not used. As far as I know, only intersubband transitions in the conduction band are used for lasing.
     
  5. Jul 20, 2015 #4

    Cthugha

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    Oh, sorry. That is what you mean.

    Well, one can use valence band to create a QCL. This basically means you switch to hole injection instead of electron injection. QCLs based on valence band transitions are used, e.g. in Si/SiGe. Here the valence band offsets are larger than the conduction band offsets and also the effective mass of the electron along the tunneling direction is quite large. Accordingly one would need really thin tunnel barriers to get the tunneling process to work. The effective hole mass is lower, so in this material system hole sublevels will be used.

    However, in most materials the effective mass of the electron is smaller than that of the hole, so it is more "natural" to design a QCL based on transitions of the electron.
     
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