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Quantum Mechanics Entangled States

  1. Apr 2, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    I've been asked to find out if nyh6aq.png are entangled states or not

    2. Relevant equations

    I thought an entangled state was one where a measurement of one qubit revealed the nature of the other qubit in the state

    3. The attempt at a solution
    If I am correct in my definition of an entangled state then a) and b) are entangled as measuring a 1 or a zero in a) reveals the state of the 2nd qubit, and there is only one type of qubit in b). c isn't entangled as measurement of q1 does not reveal the nature of q2?
    Could someone please tell me if I am correct or not, and if not why not? Many thanks!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 6, 2012 #2
    Your definition of entanglement is a bit off. A state is entangled if it cannot be written in terms of a product of two (or more if your looking at many qubits) single qubit states.
    i.e. if Alice and Bob share two qubits in a general state:
    [tex] \vert\psi_{AB}\rangle=a\vert 00\rangle+b\vert 10\rangle+c\vert 01\rangle+d\vert 11\rangle[/tex]
    then this state is entangled if and only if it cannot be written as [itex]\vert\psi_{A}\rangle\otimes \vert\psi_{B}\rangle[/itex]

    With this definition you should be able to see that a measurement carried out on a qubit in a non-entangled state will not affect the other.

    I hope that clears things up
     
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