Quantum physics vs. Quantum Mechanics

  1. Hi All,

    I’m sorry if this is a silly question, but can someone please tell me what the difference between Quantum physics and Quantum Mechanics is?

    Thanks
    Warrick
     
  2. jcsd
  3. There really is none.
     
  4. AFAIK, quantum physics is usually used as the more general. It is quantum mechanics and quantum field theory.
     
  5. Pengwuino

    Pengwuino 7,119
    Gold Member

    One of my professors said that theorizing about something is physics, putting equations to it is mechanics.
     
  6. Great thanks - I thought I was going crazzy :)
     
  7. dextercioby

    dextercioby 12,293
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    No, no, "mechanics" in "Quantum Mechanics" stands for the science's name. :wink:

    Daniel.
     
  8. Galileo

    Galileo 2,002
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    The way I see it is that quantum physics is more general than quantum mechanics.
    Quantum physics is the name for a collection of quantum theories: (non)relativistic quantum mechanics (also including quantum optics) and quantum field theory.
    Just like classical physics is a collective name for classical mechanics, electromagnetism and relativity.
     
  9. dextercioby

    dextercioby 12,293
    Science Advisor
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    I partly agree. Of course, you forgot classical statistics and (non)relativistic thermodynamics. And quantum statistics :wink:

    Daniel.
     
  10. vanesch

    vanesch 6,236
    Staff Emeritus
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    Indeed ; I thought quantum theory is the conceptual framework of Hilbert spaces, operators, and all that, which you can then apply to different, more concrete, models.
    One such model is non-relativistic mechanics of point particles, and the result is then quantum mechanics.
    Another such model is relativistic fields (or relativistic point particles, which turns out to give the same result), and the result is then quantum field theory.
    Still another model are relativistic strings, and the result is string theory.

    cheers,
    Patrick.
     
  11. quantum mechanics deals with the algebra of the operators assigned to the observables.
     
  12. From the current Wikipedia article on Quantum Mechanics.

     
  13. I see many confussion here.

    No the Wiki is not correct.

    There is no relativistic quantum mechanics. Both Dirac equations and Klein/Gordon wave equations are wrong equations, when examinated in detail. The only consistent relativistic quantum formulation is relativistic quantum mechanics which is not a quantum mechanics in original sense and does not use original Dirac and Klein/Gordon.

    As perfectly explaned by Galileo above, classical electrodynamics, thermodynamics, and mechanics build classical physics.

    For instance, Electrodynamics is that part of science does not reduced to mechanics that explain electromagnetic phenomena.

    At quantum level, things are similar. Quantum physics is not a synonym for quantum mechanics. Mechanics is only about movement, electromagnetic phenomena cannot be reduced to mechanics alone, and thus there exists quantum electrodynamics.

    Also there is a quantum thermodynamics, that, of course, cannot be explained in pure mechanical terms. In fact, quantum thermodynamics cannot be constructed from usual Hilbert space formulation and one needs of more general formalisms, e.g. Liouville space and supermatrices.

    As a final note, of course, quantum physics and quantum theory are not synonimous. Quantum physics is the collection of quantum theory more quantum experimentation. Or physics is not one of experimental sciences?
     
    Last edited: Aug 6, 2005
  14. :bugeye: Wow! I feel like an spy in a strange new land! I'm a Literature buff writing a health and diet book desperately trying to comprehend Quantum Physics so I can sum it up and googled Quantum Physics Vs Quantum Mechanics and most of this is going over my head! Most? Who am I kidding?! All of it! Can I ask someone - in Penrose's book 'Shadows of the Mind' - he talks about Quantum mechanics showing that our concept of matter has suffered a similar fate to that of our old concepts of the nature of time and space since Einstein's general relativity discovery. (*big breath in*) Can I use the term Quantum Physics here, or does it have to be quantum mechanics? And is the lay person going to know/care?!
    Help!
     
  15. Astronuc

    Staff: Mentor

    Some people, even some teaching physics, apparently use quantum physics interchangeably with quantum mechanics, which is not correct.

    Quantum mechanics is a subset of quantum phyiscs, which includes quantum electrodynamics, . . .

    If one is concerned about particles and particle (matter) interaction, then referring to QM is appropriate.

    I don't believe a lay person will care, or even be aware of a distinction, unless that person has researched the fields of QM and QP.
     
  16. Thanks!!! :biggrin:
     
  17. It will be great fun to read cooking prescriptions based on methods of QFT. Please provide ref when you will finish writing. I will be happy if it will be also practical but it is only sufficient and not necessary condition.

    Regards, Dany.
     
  18. Ok! Will do!
    Cheers,
    Simonne
     
  19. at most Universities,
    quantum physics = intermediate level, (for college seniors, e.g. Griffiths)
    quantum mechanics = semi-advanced level, (for first year graduate student, e.g. Sakurai's MQM)
     
  20. George Jones

    George Jones 6,357
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    Yes, most universities do this, but often it occurs a year earlier - between third year and fourth year of undergrad.

    I don't really agree with this labeling. I gave my opinion in this similar thread.
     
  21. Or that Quantum Mechanics is not a field theory.

    Wikipedia:” the terms quantum physics and quantum theory are synonymous”

    Not yet.

    I suggest the following criteria: the quantum physics is everything that satisfy delta(x)*delta(p)>h/2; the QM = non-relativistic version of QT(completed); the relativistic QM=unified theory of strong and electroweak interactions (not completed yet) and general QM= unified theory of electroweak, strong and gravitational interactions (not formulated yet).

    Regards, Dany.
     
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