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Question about Phonons

  1. Feb 13, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phonon
    Can someone explain how the movie above the caption
    is a justification of the statement in the caption?


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 14, 2008 #2

    malawi_glenn

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    you see that both the red and the black sinosodial curve represent the "same" physical state (the particle going up and down). They carry the same information.

    Since k are multipiles of reciprocal lattice vectors, we see that each k of this kind carry the same information as the smallest one, i.e we only need the k that is contained in the 1st BZ. The other ones, we can "translate back" with a multiple of reciprocal lattice vectors.
     
  4. Feb 14, 2008 #3
    I see. The key is that the two waves travel at different speeds and in different directions as a result of the dispersion relation, right?
     
  5. Feb 14, 2008 #4

    malawi_glenn

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    Hmm yes, I think so. You get an infinte set of soultion, but you can always relate them to the smallest one (smallest magnitude), by substracting or adding reciprocal lattice vectors.
     
  6. Feb 14, 2008 #5
    Why does that same argument not imply that electromagnetic waves with wavevectors outside of some zone do not carry extra information? I guess I am confused about how the periodicity of the reciprocal lattice makes that argument true? If you put more of those black dots in there, would they just go up and down also, or is there something special about the black dots that they chose?
     
  7. Feb 15, 2008 #6

    malawi_glenn

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    every black dot will show the same behavior.

    The difference between EM and phonons is perhaps that phonon is not a particle, EM is a photon. And also that the crystal have translation symmetry-
     
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