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Question on spectroscopic notation

  1. Dec 13, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    This is a problem that was on a quiz. The quiz has already been graded and handed back and the faculty member graded very gently. (This means I passed when I think should not have.) I have thought about the answer I gave at the time and it was pretty bad. My current answer is below. Tell me if it right/wrong/stupefyingly boneheaded.

    Q: "The valence electron of the Na atom is at the 52D5/2 level. Is this level degenerate? If so, how many folds? Give the values of all the appropriate quantum numbers for each degenerate member. Exhibit these values in tabular form with one line for each degenerate member."


    2. Relevant equations

    No equations.


    3. The attempt at a solution

    The above notation is spectroscopic notation telling me that the principal quantum number is 5 and the orbital angular momentum number is 2. Therefore, spin must be 1/2 since we have the subscript 5/2. In this configuration, we could have mj equal to -5/2, -3/2,-1/2,1/2,3/2,5/2.

    So, my answer should be:

    A) The level is degenerate.
    B) There are 6 folds.
    C) The table would look as follows:

    n l mj s
    5 2 -5/2 1/2
    5 2 -3/2 1/2
    5 2 -1/2 1/2
    5 2 1/2 1/2
    5 2 3/2 1/2
    5 2 5/2 1/2

    Is the above right or wrong?

    Does anyone have a good reference for translating between quantum numbers - which I think I understand - and spectroscopic notation which is a lot more confusing?

    Thanks.
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 14, 2008 #2

    olgranpappy

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    You don't have to deduce the spin since
    the superscript "2" of the spectroscopic notation [itex]{}^2D_{5/2}[/itex] tells you that the spin is
    [tex]
    2S+1=2\;,
    [/tex]
    I.e.,
    [tex]
    S=1/2
    [/tex]

    The spectroscopic notation and the quantum numbers are related by
    [tex]
    {}^{(2S+1)}{\mathcal{L}}_J\;,
    [/tex]
    where
    [itex]\mathcal{L}[/itex] is S or P or D or F or G etc
    depending on whether the angular momentum quantum number
    L is 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 etc, respectively
     
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