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Quick question - Ellipse

  1. Nov 14, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The earth travels in an elliptical path with the sun at one of its foci. Is the acceleration of the earth directed towards the sun or towards the centre of the ellipse?

    2. Relevant equations
    The earth's elliptical path can be parametrized as:
    [itex]x=acos (pt)[/itex]
    [itex]y=bsin (pt)[/itex]

    3. The attempt at a solution
    Using the above parametrizations and differentiating twice, I get that the earth's acceleration is directed towards the centre of the ellipse.

    However the force on the earth is due to the sun, and so I feel the earth's acceleration must be directed towards the sun.

    Please help.
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 14, 2008 #2


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    That's correct.

    EDIT: you're paramaterization is incorrect if "t" is really the time. It implies the speed is the same at aphelion and perihelion, but in reality it is faster at perihelion.
  4. Nov 14, 2008 #3
    Thanks, Redbelly98! :)

    Forget the earth - sun example.

    What if the x and y coordinates of a particle were given by the parametrization where t is time? Where would the acceleration of the particle be directed towards?
  5. Nov 15, 2008 #4


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    That's a reasonable question. Well, you can take the 2nd derivative of both x and y with respect to t, and see what direction the vector
    a = (d2x/dt2, d2y/dt2)
    points in.
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