1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

R-L Circuit - Simple

  1. Apr 2, 2008 #1
    [SOLVED] R-L Circuit - Simple

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    In the figure below, suppose that the switch is initially open, and at time t=0, the switch is closed. Let t1=aL/R be the time that the current through the inductor L is 70.0 percent of its value when t is infinity. Find the dimensionless number a.


    2. Relevant equations


    3. The attempt at a solution

    I tried and no luck:

    Given the problem, when t is 0 the current is initially 0. So I_{0} is 0.

    And I want to find [tex].7i[/tex] (70% of i) and I already know that t1=aL/R

    So plugging all the info in:




    This is obviously wrong, and makes no sense to me. Help would be appreciated.
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 2, 2008 #2
    Your equation is wrong. In infinity the current is not 0.

    You must notice, that in infinity the voltage on inductor is 0. Hence you can calculate the current in infinity.

    Than you should 'construct' right equation for the current and solve the problem (of course you can solve some differential equations instead). The one thing that is right is that the current will be exponential-like with time constant R/L
  4. Apr 2, 2008 #3
    Okay, so is this right for finding current @ infinity?

    Since voltage on inductor is 0,


    So, using Kirchoff's loop rule:





    EDIT: got it. Thanks!
    Last edited: Apr 2, 2008
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?

Similar Discussions: R-L Circuit - Simple
  1. R-L-C circuit help! (Replies: 2)