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#### ModernLogic

Hi folks. I need to find the radius of convergence of this series: $$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{(n!)^3z^{3n}}{(3n)!}$$

The thing throwing me off is the $$z^{3n}$$. If the series was $$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{(n!)^3z^n}{(3n)!}$$ I can show it has radius of convergence of zero. But $$z^{3n}$$ means its only taking power multiples of 3. Does that change anything?

Thanks.

#### Pyrrhus

Homework Helper
is the index of summation k or n?

#### LeonhardEuler

Gold Member
The problem can still be solved using the ratio test:
$$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{((n+1)!)^3z^{3n+3}}{(3n+3)!}\times\frac{(n!)^3}{z^{3n}(3n)!}$$
=$$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{(n+1)^3z^{3}}{(3n+3)(3n+2)(3n+1)}$$
Now, being sloppy so that I don't have to write so much, in the limit this is going to be equal to:
$$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{(n)^3z^{3}}{27(n)^3}$$
=$$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{z^{3}}{27}$$
=$$\frac{z^{3}}{27}$$
so, requiring the absolute value of this expression to be less than 1 gives a radius of 3

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#### Pyrrhus

Homework Helper
I got the exact same result, Leonhard, throught D' Alambert's Criterium (ratio test), but given he said a radius of convergence of 0 for z^n, it confused me to what is exactly the index of summation k or n.

#### LeonhardEuler

Gold Member
Yeah, I didn't even catch that, but its probably just a mistake.

#### HallsofIvy

Homework Helper
Modern Logic: The only difference between having z3n instead of zn in the problem is that you will have z3 instead of z in the final formula- Take the cube root. (Let y= z3 so that the sum involves yn.)

However, you are wrong when you say that if the problem involved zn instead of z3n you would get a radius of convergence of 0. As Leonard Euler said, you would get 27 and so for z, the cube root of that, 3.

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