1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Ranking the force of point charges

  1. Sep 22, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    5 point charges;
    q1; charge = +q distance = d
    q2; charge = +2q distance = 3d
    q3; charge = -3q distance = 2d
    q4; charge = -4q distance = 3d
    q5; charge = -5q distance = 2d
    are placed in the vicinity of an insulating spherical shell with a charge (+Q), distributed uniformly over its surface.
    Rank the point charges in order of the increasing magnitude of force exerted on them by the sphere. Indicate all ties where appropriate. Show all calculations of force.

    2. Relevant equations

    Coulomb's law;
    F= K (q1)(q2)
    ---------​
    r^2​

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I've applied coulomb's law to each of the charges, substituting each of the values in;


    q1=> F= K Qq
    -----​
    d^2​

    q2=> F= K 2Qq
    ------​
    3d^2​

    q3=> F= K -3Qq
    ------​
    4d^2​

    q4=> F= K -4Qq
    ------​
    9d^2​

    q5=> F= K -5Qq
    -------​
    4d^2​

    I'm still not sure how to rank the equations after I've substituted the values?
    I.e.- How do I tell which is higher when I have no numerical value for each?

    should I be solving the equations somehow?

    Any help much appreciated
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 23, 2009 #2

    tiny-tim

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Hi macaco! :smile:

    (try using the X2 tag just above the Reply box :wink:)

    This is really messy, and almost unreadable …

    do everything as a factor of qQ/d2

    and forget the signs (the + or -) … they're only asking for the magnitudes, so it doesn't matter. :wink:
     
  4. Sep 23, 2009 #3
    You're a legend Tiny Tim.
    (The legend of Tiny Tim; sounds like a good book title =P)

    Didn't think of taking out a common factor.

    The charges in ascending order, according to the values left would be;
    q2=> 0.66
    q1=> 1
    q4=> 1.33
    q3=> 1.5
    q5=> 2.5

    (hopefully)

    Thanks again TT

    =]
     
  5. Sep 23, 2009 #4
    The one thing I did not understand, is why you would not use the negative symbols, and rank the negatives below the positives?
     
  6. Sep 24, 2009 #5

    tiny-tim

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Hi macaco! :smile:

    (just got up :zzz: …)
    Because the question specified …
    and the definition of "magnitude" is that you're only interested in the size, not the direction …

    so the magnitude of a negative number -x is x, the magnitude of a vector (such as force) is its length, and the magnitude of a complex number a + ib = re is √(a2 + b2) = r. :wink:
     
  7. Sep 24, 2009 #6
    thanks again TT
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Ranking the force of point charges
  1. Force on Point charges (Replies: 7)

Loading...