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RC Circuit Help

  1. Apr 20, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data


    In the circuit of Fig. 27-65, = 1.2 kV, C = 6.5 μF, R1 = R2 = R3 = 0.73 MΩ. With C completely uncharged, switch S is suddenly closed (at t 0). At t = 0, what are (a) current i1 in resistor 1, (b) current i2 in resistor 2, and (c) current i3 in resistor 3? At t = ∞ (that is, after many time constants), what are (d) i1, (e) i2, and (f) i3? What is the potential difference V2 across resistor 2 at (g) t = 0 and (h) t = ∞? (i) Sketch V2 versus t between these two extreme times.



    3. The attempt at a solution
    i have loop equations down as:
    i1 = i2 + i3
    E - i1R -i2R = 0
    i2R - i3R


    i dont understand how they get the answer
    i1 = 2/3(v/r)

    Ive also attached the steps shown from the solution manual:
    thanks for all you help
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 20, 2014 #2

    gneill

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    I don't know why they went so far as to solve simultaneous equations for this problem. Really, since the at the times of interest the capacitor either looks like a short circuit or an open circuit, the result is a simple voltage dividers to find the potential at the switch. With that potential in hand the currents in the resistors is straightforward Ohm's law.

    If you take the voltage divider approach you should find their expression for i1 quite easily.
     
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