1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data In an anniversary celebration of Marilyn Bell's 1954 crossing of Lake Ontario a swimmer set out from the shores of New York and maintained a velocity of 4m/s [N]. As the swimmer approached the Ontario shore, she encountered a cross current of 2m/s [E 25deg S]. Find her velocity with respect to the crowd observing from the beach. 3. The attempt at a solution Firstly, am I to understand that this is a right-angle triangle? When representing it graphically, it certainly does not look like a right triangle: http://i543.photobucket.com/albums/gg464/yowatupguystill/vector.jpg [Broken] However, when I endeavor to solve this by converting from polar to cartesian co-ordinates, it seems that I have to assume a right-triangle. Let S be the swimmer, W be the water, and G the ground. sVw = 4 m/s [N] = (4, 90*) wVg = 2 m/s [E25*S] = (2, -335*) sVg = ? .: sVg = sVw + wVg = [0, 4] + [1.8, 0.84] = [1.8, 4.84] = (5.2, 69.5*) I am not very confident in my answer. For starters, I am not supposed to really solve this using polar-cartesian conversion, but I was at a standstill when attempting another solution. Any light shed on a solution for this would be much appreciated.