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Relative velocity of two cars

  1. Sep 11, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Two cars, A and B, are traveling in the same direction, although car A is 186m behind car B. The speed of A is 24.4m/s, and the speed of B is 18.6m/s. how much time does it take for A to catch B?



    2. Relevant equations
    Va+Vb=Vab, x=1/2(V0x+Vx)t


    3. The attempt at a solution

    Va=24.4 m/s, Vb=18.6m/s, Vab=43.0m/s,
    186m=1/2(24.4m/s+43.0m/s)t
    t=5.52s, Just not sure if this is right!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 11, 2007 #2

    learningphysics

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    No it isn't right... I don't understand the equations:

    Va+Vb=Vab, x=1/2(V0x+Vx)t

    how are you getting them?

    you can just get the equation for the position for car B as a function of time... get the equation for car A... and set them equal.

    You can also do it with relative velocity... in which case

    186 = (velocity of A with respect to B)*t
     
  4. Sep 11, 2007 #3
    for relative velocity, velocity of A with respect to B is Va+Vb=Vab (24.4m/s+18.6m/s=43.0m/s).
    186m=(43.0 m/s)*t
    t=4.33s
     
  5. Sep 11, 2007 #4

    learningphysics

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    Relative velocity is the difference, not the sum of the two velocities.
     
  6. Sep 11, 2007 #5
    Oh, it is not clear from my text. So, (24.4m/s-18.6m/s=5.8m/s)
    186m=(5.8m/s)t
    t=32.1s
     
  7. Sep 11, 2007 #6

    learningphysics

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    yup. that's right.
     
  8. Sep 11, 2007 #7
    thanks, the textbooks never have examples like the ones you have to do in the homework, it makes it very difficult.
     
  9. Sep 11, 2007 #8

    learningphysics

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    One thing I wanted to mention, if the two cars were going in opposite directions, this this is what would happen... if we take east as positive, west as negative... let's say A is going east. And B is going west. So A's velocity is 24.4m/s B's velocity is -18.6m/s. So A's velocity with respect to B is (24.4 - (-18.6)) = 43m/s... so if they were going in opposite directions, the numbers add... And then you'd get 4.33s like you did before...

    But yeah, for your question the answer is 32.1s, since they're going in the same direction.
     
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