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Resistance of a copper wire

  • Thread starter pilotguy
  • Start date
12
0
1. Homework Statement

A 10-g piece of copper is to be formed into a wire of radius 1.0 mm at a temperature of 50°
C. What is the resistance of this wire? (Hint: you will need to look up the density of copper.) If a potential of 12 V is put across this wire, what is the drift velocity?
2. Homework Equations

J=I/A=nqvd
R=ρ(L/A)
ρ=ρ0(1+[itex]\alpha[/itex](T-T0)
ρ0=1.7*10^-8 at 20°C
3. The Attempt at a Solution

The resistivity of copper at 50°C is:
ρ=ρ0(1+[itex]\alpha[/itex](T-20) where [itex]\alpha[/itex]=3.9*10^-3 1/°C
Substituting values, ρ=1.899*10^-8 Ωm

I hit a brick wall here, though. I don't know how to get from density of copper to length of the wire for R=ρ(L/A)

Any advice?
 

TSny

Homework Helper
Gold Member
12,046
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What can you calculate from the density and mass of the piece of copper? How does that relate to A and L?
 
12
0
Hmm. Density of Cu=8.96 g/cm^3

(8.96g/cm^3 * 1 / 10g)^-1=1.119 cm^3 Ohh, that gives you a volume! D'oh!

V=1.119 cm^3
1.119=pi*r^2*L
L=1.119/(pi*.1^2)
L=35.605 cm

So, R=rho(L/A)
R=(1.899*10^-8)(.0356)/(3.142*10^-6)
R=2.152*10^-4 ohms

Does this sound right?
 
12
0
Except that gives a current of 5577 amps for the second part. What am I missing?
 

TSny

Homework Helper
Gold Member
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2,619
Everything looks ok to me except for your conversion of L from cm to m.
 
12
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Yeah, I noticed that. I tried it with the correct conversion (.356 m) and 5577 amps was what I found for current. Isn't that really high though?
 

TSny

Homework Helper
Gold Member
12,046
2,619
I think it's ok. The resistance of the wire is very small, so the current will be very high. In fact, the current would quickly heat the wire and it could melt if there's not sufficient heat transfer to the environment.
 

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