# Rigid body dynamics

1. Jun 14, 2006

### Vasco_F

Hi,

I'm developing a video game, in which I'm making a charactar with rigid-body physics (sometimes called "ragdoll" physics). The way I've made it is probably not completely realistic, because I only use velocity vectors to calculate the position of each joint of the "ragdoll", based on an initial velocity vector applied to a joint. If you want to check it out, you can download it http://mega.ist.utl.pt/~vbfr/Ragdoll.zip"

The way I do this is illustated in this image http://mega.ist.utl.pt/~vbfr/noangle.png"

Anyway, the problem I have now is how to calculate the velocity vector of joints that make an angle that is restricted (an angle that shouldn't get any bigger, for example). Please see this simplified diagram that illustrates my problem: http://mega.ist.utl.pt/~vbfr/angle2.png"

In the diagram, how should I calculate vectors v1 and v2? Note that in the diagram, the entire body should be rigid, because of the angle restriction.

I would truly appreciante any help on this...

Last edited by a moderator: Apr 22, 2017
2. Jun 14, 2006

### Hootenanny

Staff Emeritus
If I understand the problem correctly, that the indicated angle should remain constant? Then solution is simply;

$$\vec{v} = \vec{v_{1}} = \vec{v_{2}}$$

3. Jun 14, 2006

### Vasco_F

That's what I though at first, but that's not correct because the whole body should rotate, until the rotation stabilizes when the body is in kind of a horizontal position (I don't know how to explain it better but if you don't understand I'll draw a diagram). Imagine you have something shaped like a "V" on a table and you drag one end.

4. Jun 15, 2006

### pervect

Staff Emeritus
The motion of a rigid body can be specified by giving:

1) the motion of a specific point (pick a point, say for instance point 1, and use it as a reference).

2) the angular velocity of rotation (done by specifying an axis of rotation and an angular velocity, i.e. a vector $\hat{\omega}$.

The formula for the velocity $v_i$ of any point with coordinates $r_i$ will be:

$$v_i = v_{ref} + \hat{w} \times (r_i - r_{ref})$$

$v_{ref}$ is the velocity of the reference point
$r_{ref}$ are the coordinates of the reference point
$r_i - r_{ref}$ is the difference in coordinates between the reference point and the arbitrary point $r_i$ which has the velocity $v_i$.

Hopefully you are familiar with the vector cross product, if not try reading

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_product