# Rigid Objects in equilibirum

#### elitespart

A 1200 N uniform beam is attached to a vertical wall at one end and is supported by a cable at the other end. A W = 1960 N crate hangs from the far end of the beam.

Picture: http://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/courses/crs1507/art/qb/qu/c09/ch09p_20.gif

Calculate the magnitude of the tension in the wire.

So I know that sum of forces and torques equals 0. Using the hinge as the axis of rotation:

Torque from crate = -1960Lcos(30)
Torque from beam = -1200(L/2)cos(30)
What would the torque from the tension in the wire be? It's directed 50 degrees above the horizontal so I thought it would be T*Lcos(50) but that is wrong. Can someone point me in the right direction? Thanks.

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#### rl.bhat

Homework Helper
It's directed 50 degrees above the horizontal so I thought it would be T*Lcos(50) but that is wrong.
To find the torque from the tension find the horizontal component of the T and find its vertical distance from the hinge. The product will give you the required torque.

#### elitespart

Sorry I'm not quite sure what you mean. In the solution it divided the sum of the torques from the crate and the beam by cos(10). Where did they get that from?

#### rl.bhat

Homework Helper
Torque due to the tension is Tcos50*Lsin30

#### elitespart

Torque due to the tension is Tcos50*Lsin30
no that's not right. the answer is 2251N. Using your torque for the wire gives an answer of 6898.

#### Doc Al

Mentor
What would the torque from the tension in the wire be? It's directed 50 degrees above the horizontal so I thought it would be T*Lcos(50) but that is wrong. Can someone point me in the right direction?
What's the angle between the wire and the beam? Use that angle to determine the torque.

#### elitespart

What's the angle between the wire and the beam? Use that angle to determine the torque.
Well I'm guessing it's cos(10) but I don't know where that is coming from.

#### Doc Al

Mentor
Why guess? You have the diagram. Figure out the angle.

#### elitespart

Why guess? You have the diagram. Figure out the angle.
That's what they had in the solution. From the pic I'm getting an angle of 30 between the wire and beam.

#### Doc Al

Mentor
That's what they had in the solution.
We'll get to the solution soon enough. First find the angle.

From the pic I'm getting an angle of 30 between the wire and beam.
How do you get that? The diagram states that the wire is 50 degrees from the horizontal, so its angle with the beam must be even greater.

#### elitespart

We'll get to the solution soon enough. First find the angle.

How do you get that? The diagram states that the wire is 50 degrees from the horizontal, so its angle with the beam must be even greater.
It would be 80 yes?

#### Doc Al

Mentor
It would be 80 yes?
Yes! Now how do you use that to calculate torque?

#### elitespart

oh okay. so it's T*Lsin80 since force has to be perpendicular to the lever arm.

#### Doc Al

Mentor
so it's T*Lsin80 since force has to be perpendicular to the lever arm.
Good! And to relate it to your solution, sin80 = cos ?

#### elitespart

Good! And to relate it to your solution, sin80 = cos ?
=cos10. Thank you very much. Much appreciated.

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