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Rise in capillary

  • Thread starter vissh
  • Start date
82
0
hello :)
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
(Q)A 20 cm long capillary tube is dipped in water.The water rises up to 8 cm . If the entire arrangement is put in a freely falling elevator, the length of water column in the capillary tube will be
<a>8 cm <b>6 cm <c>10 cm <d>20 cm

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
From the elevator frame, the fluid will be weightless and only force on the "fluid in capillary's" upper part will be S[2(pie)r]cosA upwards{where A is the contact angle}
It will make the fluid rise and rise and reach 20 cm.
I want to ask will the fluid then overflow or will remain at the 20 cm mark.
I think It will overflow as the accleration will be upwards and even if the acceleration vanishes, due to velocity gained by fluid,it should overflow.
What you think oO
Thanks for reading ^.^
 

rl.bhat

Homework Helper
4,433
5
The adhesive force and the surface tension are independent of gravitational force. when the liquid reaches the en of the tube, instead of overflowing, it forms a hemispherical surface. At the edge, force due to surface tension balance the adhesive force between liquid and glass. hence the liquid doe not overflow.
 
82
0
Thanks :)
One more question :- Will the hemisphere upwards or downwards?? Or it depends on capillary tube and the liquid taken??
 

rl.bhat

Homework Helper
4,433
5
Thanks :)
One more question :- Will the hemisphere upwards or downwards?? Or it depends on capillary tube and the liquid taken??
Hemisphere will be upwards except in mercury. but mercury will not rise in the capillary.
 
82
0
Thanku :)
 

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