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Rotation motion

  1. May 23, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A flywheel of radius 0.20 m with moment of inertia 0.15 kg/m^2 rotates at 180 revolution per minute . A tangential force is applied on the rim of the flywheel and it stops after 12 revolutions.Calculate the angular deceleration .

    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution

    The initial angular velocity is 18.9 rad/s after conversion. The time taken for 12 revolutions is 4s (since it can rotate 180 times in 60 s , so in 4 s , it can rotate 12 times) . Final angular velocity is 0 .

    Using [tex]\omega_f=\omega_i+\alpha t[/tex]

    [tex]0=18.9+4\alpha[/tex]

    solving this , i got 4.37 sec

    but the ans given 2.37 sec, where did i go wrong ?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 23, 2010 #2

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    That would be true if the angular velocity were constant, but it's not. The wheel is slowing down. Hint: What's the average speed during its acceleration?
     
  4. May 23, 2010 #3
    thanks Doctor , so if i take the average velocity , then the time,t =4s would be valid in my calculations ?

    a=v/t=(18.9/2)/4=2.37
     
  5. May 23, 2010 #4

    Doc Al

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    The thing to do is use the average angular speed to find the correct time. (4s is not correct.) Then you can use your original equation to find the acceleration.
     
  6. May 23, 2010 #5
    sorry doc , i still don get it .

    Is the average simply 18.9/2=9.45 s

    Then , i am not sure how to use this to find time .
     
  7. May 23, 2010 #6

    Doc Al

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    Yes. (The units are radians/sec.)

    Use the rotational analog to Distance = Ave Speed X Time
    (The "distance" will be the angle in radians.)
     
  8. May 23, 2010 #7
    thanks i was too hung up with the 180 revolutions as compared to 12 revolutions so a final check ,

    the angular displacement is 2pi x 12=75.4 (Initially , i though of 2pi x 0.2 x12 , this would be linear displacement right ?)

    75.4=9.45t , t is approximately 8s .

    0=18.9+8a

    a=-2.37 rad/s^2
     
  9. May 23, 2010 #8

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    All good! :approve:
     
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