Salt that gives basic solution

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Explain why Na2CO3 gives a basic solution when dissolved in water.

    3. The attempt at a solution

    The cation is Na+ while the anion is CO32-. The cation has no affinity for neither protons nor hydroxide ions. The anion should have basic properties to make a basic solution. Does this mean that HCO3- is a weak acid? I cannot find it in my table of weak acids.
     
    Last edited: May 12, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. symbolipoint

    symbolipoint 3,225
    Homework Helper
    Education Advisor
    Gold Member

    Why basic? To be brief: Hydrolysis. HCO3-, is from Carbonic acid. Carbonic acid is a diprotic acid, and when you look for the dissociation constant you need to look for the one for carbonic acid which will show you the values for the first AND the second dissociations.

    Carbonic Acid: [tex] \[
    H_2 CO_3
    \]
    [/tex]

    the first dissociation is stronger than the second dissociation.
     
  4. chemisttree

    chemisttree 3,721
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    The pertinent reactions you need to conceptualize are:

    1) CO3-2 + H2O <-------> HCO3- + OH-

    and,

    2) HCO3- + H2O <-----> H2CO3 + OH-
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share a link to this question via email, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?