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Homework Help: Satellite position

  1. Oct 18, 2015 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    I just found this forum after trying to calculate something regarding a satellite's orbit. Hope that you can help me here. So, I need to calculate the matrix of a satellite's site vectors. I have found it in the ECEF form, but since the satellite is doing observations in different times, I need it in ECI for this particular problem.

    2. Relevant equations
    See below.

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I searched and for the ECEF position, we have the following equations to use: (see the attached file)

    I have, from my values and by using these equation, the site position in ECEF:

    r = [-7166.056 -6364.272 -3210.412
    -1309.400 -186.778 824.20
    669.27 -3545.190 -6467.48 ]

    How do I get the ECI position now? I guess that I need to consider the rotation of the Earth and the time between the observations. Is a matrix multiplication necessary?

    Thanks in advance!

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 19, 2015 #2


    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Welcome to PF! Your problem is very special. Yes, change of coordinate system involves matrix multiplication. You can ask about ECI and ECEF in general in the Forum "Classical Physics". If you want to ask about a homework problem, write the question in detail, and post it to Homework/Advanced Physics.
  4. Oct 19, 2015 #3
    The thing is, I cannot find it here. Let be show what I've done so far. I have the data below, and I'm only going to look at the nr 3, 5 and 6 data (See data).

    I calculated the Julian date (easy), which is:

    JD1= 2,456,159.986 435
    JD2= 2,456,159.991 991
    JD3= 2,456,159.994

    Next, the change in times between the observations : tau1= 2,456,159.986 435− 2,456,159.991 991 = -8 min and
    tau2=2,456,159.994 769 − 2,456,159.991 991 = 4 min

    The I used the equations I posted above and got (see EFEC)

    NOW I'm stuck, how should I rotate/transform it to get the ECI position?

    Attached Files:

  5. Oct 19, 2015 #4
    Also, I know how the formula for ECEF to ECI looks like (rather a matrix), but how should I perform the operation?

    Attached Files:

  6. Oct 19, 2015 #5


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    Homework Helper

    Soory, I am not familiar with the topic. I ask the Mentors to move your thread to Advanced Physics.
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