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Satellite Problem

  1. Feb 24, 2008 #1
    A small package is fired off Earth's surface with a speed V at a 45o angle. It reaches maximum height of h above surface at h=6370km, a value equal to Earth's radius itself.
    What is the speed when it reaches this height? Ignore any effects that might come from Earth's rotation.




    Energy converstion: 1/2 mv^2 - GmM/R1 = 1/2mV^2 - 1/2 GmM/R2
    Parabolic Motion: hmax= vo^2(sin^2 ø) /2g
    Angular momentum conversition :L=rmv etc. etc.



    3. I first calculated the Vo speed from hmax= vo^2(sin^2 ø) /2g equation
    Then I put the value into:
    1/2 mv^2 - GmM/R1 = 1/2mV^2
    - 1/2 GmM/R2

    noting that R2=hmax=2 x Rearth

    Then I calculated and found the SAME result from parabolic motion equations:
    first
    time= x/V0 cosø ... and then finding out Vx and Vy thus resulting to V speed.

    Yet,

    The book starts with angular momentum conversion, stating that :
    m(Vcosø)R = m Vfinal 2R and then using Vescape speed formula and energy conversition it comes out with completely different result.

    Where did I go wrong? or how come results do not reconcile?
    [/b]
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 24, 2008 #2
    hmax = vo^2(sin^2 ø) /2g is only valid if the acceleration of gravity is constant.

    You can use the angular momentum equation to get the velocity at the apogee of the orbit as a function of the velocity at the surface. You can then subtitute that in the energy equation
     
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