(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A beam of [tex]\alpha[/tex]-particles, of kinetic energy 5.3 MeV and intensity [tex]10^{4}[/tex] particle/sec, is incident normally on gold foil with thinckness [tex]1 x 10^{-5} cm[/tex]. (The density, atomic weight and atomic number of gold are 19.3 g/cm, 197 and 79 respectively.) A particle counter of area [tex]1 cm^{2}[/tex] is placed on the opposite side of the foil from the incoming beam at a distance of 10 cm. Suppose [tex]\theta[/tex] is the angle between the center of the foil and the center of the detector. How many counts should we expect per second if the detector registers all particles passing through it at [tex]\theta=10 degrees[/tex] and [tex]\theta=45 degrees[/tex]?

2. Relevant equations

[tex]\frac{d\sigma}{d\Omega}=(\frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_{0}})^{2} (\frac{zZe^{2}}{2Mv^{2}})^{2} I n \frac{1}{sin^{4}(\frac{\theta}{2})} [/tex]

where n is the number of nuclei per unit area, and I is the incident intensity.

also told that:

[tex]2 \pi sin(\theta) d\theta=d\Omega [/tex]

and

[tex]dN=\frac{d\sigma}{d\Omega} d\Omega [/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

First I calculated the constant:

[tex](\frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_{0}})^{2} (\frac{zZe^{2}}{2Mv^{2}})^{2}[/tex]

where I had [tex]2Mv^{2}=4(5.3 MeV) [/tex], [tex]z=2, Z=79[/tex]

Then I found n:

[tex]n=\frac{19.3g}{cm^{3}}\frac{1}{197amu}1 x 10^{-5}cm [/tex]

now's where I have a problem... I'm trying to integrate:

[tex]2\pi(\frac{sin(\theta)}{sin^{4}(\frac{\theta}{2})})d\theta[/tex]

but I don't know what angles to integrate thru... when I draw a diagram, I get a pretty small angular range and my answer comes out too small.

the answers are:

for [tex]45 degrees = 11.4 counts/sec. [/tex]

and for [tex] 10 degrees = 4020 counts/sec. [/tex]

I could really use some help on seeing how these answers are obtained... thanks!

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**

Join Physics Forums Today!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

# Homework Help: Scattering cross sections

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**