# Homework Help: Schrodinger equation help

1. Jan 8, 2013

### Ayham

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
What is the probability that a particle in the ground state will be found between L/2 and 2L/3?
im new guys so go easy :)

2. Relevant equations
∫ψ(x)^2 dx = ∫2/L (sin(πx/L))^2 dx
in attachment

3. The attempt at a solution
i got 66.66% and sometimes a negative number
please show me the steps too :/

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2. Jan 8, 2013

### dydxforsn

So you have the integral:$$\int{\psi \psi^{*} dx} = \int^{\frac{L}{2}}_{\frac{2L}{3}}{\sqrt{\frac{2}{L}} \sin{\frac{n \pi x}{L}} \sqrt{\frac{2}{L}} \sin{\frac{n \pi x}{L}} dx} = \int^{\frac{L}{2}}_{\frac{2L}{3}}{\frac{2}{L} \sin^{2}{\frac{n \pi x}{L}} dx}$$ You can get the integral of sine squared from an integral table:$$\int{\sin^{2}{ax} dx} = \frac{x}{2} - \frac{\sin{2ax}}{4a}$$ Keep in mind that both $\frac{x}{2}$ and $\frac{\sin{2ax}}{4a}$ are evaluated at the limits of integration.

Doing all of this I obtained 30% for the answer when I plugged in n = 1 (for the ground state).

You're probably just messing up the minus sign on one of the 4 terms that come about when you evaluate the $\frac{x}{2} - \frac{\sin{2ax}}{4a}$ term at the limits of integration. You 4 terms should be $$\int{\psi \psi^{*} dx} = \frac{2}{L} (\frac{L}{3} - \frac{L}{4} - \frac{\sin{(2\frac{n \pi}{L}\frac{2L}{3}})}{4 \frac{n \pi}{L}} + \frac{\sin{(2 \frac{n \pi}{L} \frac{L}{2}})}{4 \frac{n \pi}{L}})$$

Edit*** After a 3rd check, when n = 1 the answer is indeed 30%. Looks like we are both susceptible to math errors on this one >_< (I had edited my post thinking the answer was 60% when I double checked my original answer...)

Last edited: Jan 8, 2013
3. Jan 8, 2013

### Ayham

I love you :')