My impression is that the history of the development of what we today call science is fairly well researched, and several good books are available for the general reader. What about science, historically, in non-Western societies, especially where there was little subsequent input into the unfolding of science in Renaissance Europe? Can anyone recommend something to read? My interest is in the extent to which elements of what we today regard as science were developed - and used - in China, India, Sumaria, Egypt, ... independently or otherwise. I've heard of Needham's monumental work, and must take a look and see if examines the development of something like the scientific method. I imagine many possible independent developments of the scientific method are not accessible to research, e.g. the Maya, Aztec, Harappa, Inca, Zimbabwe (and no doubt many others), as there are essentially no written records.