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Second moment of area ?

  • Thread starter rclakmal
  • Start date
  • #1
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second moment of area ???

Homework Statement



In finding the metacentric height of a floating body ( G-center of gravity ,M-metacentric point ,B-buoyancy point )
so if the object is stable then M should be above G .
GM=BM-BG

i have learned that BM=I/V (where I second moment of are about the horizontal center line ,and V is submerged volume)
so if the object is a cylinder i can find I using Pi*d^(4)/64 ....but can i use the same equation if the cylinder is not a uniform one .


And is it the same thing meant by
1)second moment of area
2)Moment of inertia
Or are they two different values ?
Can they be connected using a another varaible ?

Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution

 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Hao
93
0


i have learned that BM=I/V (where I second moment of are about the horizontal center line ,and V is submerged volume)
so if the object is a cylinder i can find I using Pi*d^(4)/64 ....but can i use the same equation if the cylinder is not a uniform one .
The second moment of area is similar to the moment of inertia except for one extremely important point:

The moment of inertia includes an integral over density, [tex]\rho[/tex].
[tex]I_{inertia} = \int \rho r^2 dA[/tex].

The second moment of area does not.
[tex]I_{area} = \int r^2 dA[/tex].

Hence, for a uniform object, [tex]I_{inertia} = \rho I_{area}[/tex].

Therefore, the second moment of area is independent of the uniformity of the body.
 
  • #3
tiny-tim
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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moment of inertia ~ second moment of area

Hi Hao! :smile:

You're right, and you're wrong!! :biggrin:

For all normal physicists, you're right …

but some structural engineers use the name https://www.physicsforums.com/library.php?do=view_item&itemid=31" for the second moment of area, so they can be the same (and in this case I suspect they are)! :rolleyes:
 
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