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Sequence question

  1. Feb 18, 2006 #1
    Hi,

    Could anyone please explain to me very simply why in a sequence say 1, 4, 7, 10,... which has the general term form: a_n = 3n-2 can also be written as 3n+2?

    Why do some people use 3n+2 rather than 3n-2, what advantage has that got? Is it actually more mathematically correct to write 3n+2?

    So 2n-2 or 2n+2 would be for a sequence 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,...
    4n-1 or 4n+3 would be for 3, 7, 11, ...

    Thanks

    Nat
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 18, 2006 #2

    arildno

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    Surely you mean 3n+1 with n starting from 0??
     
  4. Feb 18, 2006 #3

    HallsofIvy

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    If an= 3n-2 then 3(n+1)- 2= 3n+3-2= 3n+1. The only difference is that with an= 3n-2 you have a1= 1, a2= 4, etc. while with an= 3n+1 it is a0= 1, a1= 4, etc. Just a difference in where you start counting.
    There is no real advantage- just that some people don't like to start counting with 0!


    "So 2n-2 or 2n+2 would be for a sequence 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,... "

    No- 2(1)-2= 0, 2(2)-2= 2, but 2(3)- 2= 4 not 3. It should be obvious that 2n- 2 and 2n+ 2 are always even numbers. Did you mean 2, 4, 6, ...?


    "4n-1 or 4n+3 would be for 3, 7, 11, ..."
    Yes, one starts with n= 1, the other with n= 0.
     
  5. Feb 18, 2006 #4
    Yes sorry I did mean 2, 4, 6, 8, ....
     
  6. Feb 18, 2006 #5

    arildno

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    I don't know about HallsofIvy, but I'm an inveterate "from zero"-counter..
     
    Last edited: Feb 18, 2006
  7. Feb 18, 2006 #6

    Tide

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    Unfortunately (or fortunately depending on your preference), many textbooks count from 1.
     
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