On page 230 in Shankar's PQM (1994 edition) he is trying to show that the path integral formulation reduces to Schroedinger's eqn. The equation he comes up against is the following(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

$$\psi (x,\epsilon) = \sqrt{\frac{m}{2 \pi i \epsilon \hbar}}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dx' \psi (x',0) \exp\left[\frac{im(x-x')^2}{2\epsilon \hbar} \right] \exp\left[\frac{-i\epsilon}{ \hbar} V\left( \frac{x+x'}{2},0\right) \right]$$

He makes the argument that the first exponential is going to oscillate like hell because ##\epsilon \hbar## is so small. He says that in order to keep this under control we need to restrict the range of x' so that

$$\frac{m \eta^2}{2\epsilon \hbar} \leq \pi$$

where

$$\eta = (x-x')$$

which I follow. He then changes the variable of integration from x' to ##\eta##, no big deal. He expands everything inside the integral to second order in ##\eta## because that corresponds to first order in ##\epsilon##. I'm still on board. He then integrates over ##\eta## from ##-\infty## to ##\infty## and this is where he loses me. What happened to ##\frac{m \eta^2}{2\epsilon \hbar} \leq \pi## ? The way he expressed everything inside the integral assumed that ##\eta## is small. So why is he integrating over the whole range of ##\eta##?

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# I Shankars derivation of equivalence between path integral and Schroedinger's eqn

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