A ship is 8km from a coast-line that stretches in an east-west direction. The navigator on the shop records that the lighthouse on the coast-line has a bearing of N27E. After sailing for 30 minutes the navigator records that the same lighthouse is 15km due north.
a) What is the displacement of the ship between the two recordings?
b) What is the average velocity of the ship?
The Attempt at a Solution
I have attached a diagram. Is it correct?
If you do calculations from the diagram, you find that the original position was (0,8) and the new position is (4.08,15). So the displacement of the two recordings is (4.08,15)-(0,8)=(4.08,7). Which come down to an absolute length of 8.1km but the answers gave 9.23km as the absolute length. Where have I gone wrong. I can't do b) without knowing how to do a).
If I assume the hypotenues distance as 8km (in the triangle of 27 degrees) than I end up with (3.6,15)-(0,7.13)=(3.6,7.87) which gives an absolute length of 8.7km, which is still not right.